Sherlock Holmes

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (kō´nən, kŏn´ən), 1859–1930, British author and creator of Sherlock Holmes, b. Edinburgh. Educated at the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh, he received a medical degree in 1881. In 1887 the first Sherlock Holmes story, A Study in Scarlet, appeared in Beeton's Christmas Annual. Doyle abandoned his medical practice in 1890 and devoted his time to writing. Other works that involve the sleuthing of the great detective include The Sign of the Four (1890), The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1894), The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902), The Return of Sherlock Holmes (1905), His Last Bow (1917), and The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes (1927). The brilliant and theatrical Holmes solves all his extraordinarily complex cases through ingenious deductive reasoning. His sober, credulous companion, Dr. Watson, narrates most of the Sherlock Holmes stories. The Holmes cult has given rise to several notable clubs, of which the Baker Street Irregulars is perhaps the most famous. Doyle also wrote historical romances, including Micah Clarke (1889) and The White Company (1891). His play A Story of Waterloo (1894) was one of Sir Henry Irving's notable successes. Doyle also wrote two political pamphlets justifying Great Britain's actions in the South African War. In his later years he became an ardent spiritualist and wrote a History of Spiritualism (1926). He was knighted in 1902.

See his autobiography (1924); J. and V. Meyers, ed., The Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Reader (2002); biographies by O. Dudley-Edwards (1983), J. D. Carr (1949, repr. 1987), and D. Stashower (1999); studies by J. E. Holroyd (1959), V. Starrett (rev. ed. 1960), T. Hall (1979), and M. Dirda (2011).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Sherlock Holmes: Selected full-text books and articles

The Philosophy of Sherlock Holmes By Philip Tallon; David Baggett University Press of Kentucky, 2012
FREE! Adventures of Sherlock Holmes By A. Conan Doyle A. L. Burt, 1892
FREE! The Return of Sherlock Holmes By A. Conan Doyle; Charles Raymond Macauley A. Wessels Company, 1907
The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes By Arthur Conan Doyle; W. W. Robson Oxford University Press, 1994
The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes By Arthur Conan Doyle; Christopher Roden Oxford University Press, 1994
Sherlock Holmes: Selected Stories By Arthur Conan Doyle; S. C. Roberts Oxford University Press, 1951
The Hound of the Baskervilles: Another Adventure of Sherlock Holmes By Arthur Conan Doyle; W. W. Robson Oxford University Press, 1994
FREE! The Valley of Fear: A Sherlock Holmes Novel By Arthur Conan Doyle; Arthur I. Keller George H. Doran, 1914
FREE! A Study in Scarlet; The Sign of the Four By Arthur Conan Doyle P. F. Collier & Son, 1904
His Last Bow: Some Reminiscences of Sherlock Holmes By Arthur Conan Doyle; Owen Dudley Edwards Oxford University Press, 1993
An Introduction to the Detective Story By Leroy Lad Panek Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Doyle"
Dr. Joe Bell: Model for Sherlock Holmes By Ely Liebow Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1982
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