Sula (by Toni Morrison)

Morrison, Toni

Toni Morrison, 1931–, American writer, b. Lorain, Ohio, as Chloe Ardelia (later Anthony) Wofford; grad. Howard Univ. (B.A., 1953), Cornell (M.F.A., 1955). Her fiction is noted for its poetic language, lush detail, emotional intensity, and sensitive observation of American life as viewed from a variety of African-American perspectives. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye (1970), is the story of a girl ruined by a racist society and its violence. Song of Solomon (1977; National Book Award) established her as one of America's leading novelists. It concerns a middle-class man who achieves self-knowledge through the discovery of his rural black heritage. Her later fiction includes Beloved (1987; Pulitzer Prize), a powerful account of mother love, murder, and the legacy of slavery; and Jazz (1992), a tale of love and murder set in Harlem in the 1920s. Her other novels are Sula (1973), Tar Baby (1981), Paradise (1997), Love (2003), A Mercy (2008), Home (2012), and God Help the Child (2015).

Among Morrison's other works are the essay collections Race-ing Justice, En-Gendering Power (1992), Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (1992), and The Origin of Others (2017), essays on race, belonging, and literature based on her Harvard Charles Eliot Norton Lectures (2016). She has also created several children's books, including The Big Box (2000), written with her son, Slade; a play, Dreaming Emmett (1986); a song cycle, Honey and Me (1992), written with André Previn; an opera libretto, Margaret Garner (2003); and, in collaboration with Malian singer-songwriter Rokia Traoré, Desdemona (2011), a reinterpretation of Shakespeare's Othello. Awarded the 1993 Nobel Prize in Literature, she was the first African American to win. Morrison, who was an influential Random House editor for nearly two decades, has been a professor at Princeton since 1989 and founded (1994) the Princeton Atelier, a writers' and performers' workshop.

See D. Taylor-Guthrie, ed., Conversations with Toni Morrison (1994) and C. Y. Denard, ed., Toni Morrison: Conversations (2008); studies by B. W. Jones (1985), A. I. Vinson (1985), N. Y. McKay, ed. (1988), H. Bloom (1990, repr. 2005), H. L. Gates, Jr., and K. A. Appiah, ed. (1993), P. Page (1995), N. J. Peterson, ed. (1997), L. Peach (1995 and, as ed., 1998), D. L. Middleton, ed. (2000), S. A. Stave, ed. (2006), J. L. Carlacio (2007), S. N. Mayberry (2007), J. L. J. Heinert (2008), L. V. D. Jennings (2008), R. Lister (2009), and K. Zauditu-Selassie (2009).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Sula (by Toni Morrison): Selected full-text books and articles

What's Normal? Narratives of Mental and Emotional Disorders By Carol Donley; Sheryl Buckley Kent State University Press, 2000
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Toni Morrison's Sula By Harold Bloom Chelsea House, 1999
Librarian's tip: This is a book of literary criticism
Reading Toni Morrison By Rachel Lister Greenwood Press, 2009
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "Sula"
Toni Morrison's Fiction By Jan Furman University of South Carolina Press, 2014 (Revised edition)
Toni Morrison By Pelagia Goulimari Routledge, 2011
Toni Morrison: A Critical Companion By Missy Dehn Kubitschek Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: "Chap. 4 "Sula (1973)"
Toni Morrison By Richard Ansersen Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2006
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Sula"
Circling Meaning in Toni Morrison's Sula By Pruitt, Claude African American Review, Vol. 44, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Sula's Joke on Psychoanalysis By Henton, Jennifer E African American Review, Vol. 45, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"New World Woman": Toni Morrison's Sula By Galehouse, Maggie Papers on Language & Literature, Fall 1999
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Something Other Than a Family Quarrel: The Beautiful Boys in Morrison's Sula By Mayberry, Susan Neal African American Review, Vol. 37, No. 4, Winter 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Missing Peace in Toni Morrison's 'Sula' and 'Beloved.' (Female Afro-American Fiction Writer) By Lee, Rachel African American Review, Vol. 28, No. 4, Winter 1994
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Dead Boys and Adolescent Girls: Unjoining the Bildungsromdn in Carson McCullers's the Member of the Wedding and Toni Morrison's Sula By Thurschwell, Pamela English Studies in Canada, Vol. 38, No. 3-4, September-December 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Faith of a (Woman) Writer By Alice Kessler-Harris; William McBrien Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian's tip: Chap. 26 "A Way of Ordering Experience: A Study of Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye and Sula"
The Novels of Toni Morrison: The Search for Self and Place within the Community By Patrick Bryce Bjork Peter Lang, 1996
Librarian's tip: Chap. IV "Sula: The Contradictions of Self and Place"
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