Philip K. Dick

Philip K. Dick: (Philip Kindred Dick), 1928–82, American science-fiction writer, b. Chicago. Dick often wrote of the psychological states of individuals caught in altered realities where the everyday merges with the world of drugs and dreams, space and time are fluid, androids are nearly indistinguishable from humans, and nothing is what it seems. His fiction is often tinged with a straight-faced, hard-edged humor. He sold the first of his 112 short stories in 1952; the first of his 36 novels, Solar Lottery, was published in 1955. While some of his works are negligable, a few are science-fiction classics. Among his best-known novels are Time Out of Joint (1959), The Man in the High Castle (1962, Hugo Award), Ubik (1969), Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said (1974), and A Scanner Darkly (1977, film 2006). Several of Dick's works have been used as the basis of films, notably the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968), which became Blade Runner (1982), and the stories that were made into Total Recall (1990), Minority Report (2002), and Next (2007).

See his Collected Stories (3 vol., 1990–92) and Selected Letters (1997); interviews in What If Our World Is Their Heaven? (2000, ed. by G. Lee and D. E. Sauter); biographies by Lawrence Sutin (1989), Emmanuel Carrère (1993, tr. 2004), and A. R. Dick, his wife (1995, repr. 2010); studies by B. Gillespie, ed. (1975), H. Pierce (1982), M. H. Greenberg and J. D. Olander, ed. (1983), K. S. Robinson (1984), P. Williams (1986), P. S. Warrick (1987), D. A. Mackey (1988), R. D. Mullen, ed. (1992), S. J. Umland, ed. (1995), and C. Palmer (2003).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Philip K. Dick: Selected full-text books and articles

Philip K. Dick: Exhilaration and Terror of the Postmodern By Christopher Palmer Liverpool University Press, 2003
Science Fiction in the Real World By Norman Spinrad Southern Illinois University Press, 1990
Librarian's tip: "The Transmogrification of Philip K. Dick" begins on p. 198
Phoenix from the Ashes: The Literature of the Remade World By Carl B. Yoke Greenwood Press, 1987
Librarian's tip: Chap. 18 "Do Androids Dream of Ridley Scott?"
The Transcendent Adventure: Studies of Religion in Science Fiction/Fantasy By Robert Reilly Greenwood Press, 1985
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "Philip K. Dick's Answers to the Eternal Riddles"
The Alternate History: Refiguring Historical Time By Karen Hellekson Kent State University Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "Narrative, Temporality, and Historicity in Philip K. Dick's The Man in the High Castle"
Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide By M. Keith Booker Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "Philip K. Dick: Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" begins on p. 120, "Philip K. Dick: The Man in the High Castle" begins on p. 123, and "Philip K. Dick: Time out of Joint" begins on p. 127
Future Present: Ethics And/As Science Fiction By Michael Pinsky Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003
Librarian's tip: Chap. 7 "Ethics: Philip K. Dick"
Storm Warnings: Science Fiction Confronts the Future By George E. Slusser; Colin Greenland; Eric S. Rabkin Southern Illinois University Press, 1987
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Philip K. Dick begins on p. 86
Into Darkness Peering: Race and Color in the Fantastic By Elisabeth Anne Leonard Greenwood Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Philip K. Dick begins on p. 86
Fifty Key Figures in Science Fiction By Mark Bould; Andrew M. Butler; Adam Roberts; Sherryl Vint Routledge, 2010
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