Heart of Darkness

Conrad, Joseph

Joseph Conrad, 1857–1924, English novelist, b. Berdichev, Russia (now Berdychiv, Ukraine), originally named Jósef Teodor Konrad Walecz Korzeniowski. Born of Polish parents, he is considered one of the greatest novelists and prose stylists in English literature. In 1874, Conrad went to sea and later joined (1878) an English merchant ship, becoming (1884) a master mariner as well as a British citizen. Retiring from the merchant fleet in 1894, he began his career as a novelist, and all of his novels are written in English, an acquired language. His notable early works include The Nigger of the Narcissus (1897), Lord Jim (1900), and the novellas Youth (1902), Heart of Darkness (1902), and Typhoon (1903). The novels Nostromo (1904), The Secret Agent (1907), Under Western Eyes (1911), and Chance (1913) are regarded by many as Conrad's greatest works. Of his later works, Victory (1915) is the best known. He also collaborated on two novels with Ford Madox Ford, The Inheritors (1901) and Romance (1903). Marked by a distinctive, opulent prose style, Conrad's novels combine realism and high drama. Their settings include nautical backgrounds as well as high society, and international politics. Conrad was a skilled creator of atmosphere and character; the impact of various situations was augmented by his use of symbolism. He portrayed acutely the conflict between non-western cultures and modern civilization. His characters exhibit the possibilities for isolation and moral deterioration in modern life.

See his complete works (26 vol., 1924–26); L. Davies et al., ed., The Collected Letters of Joseph Conrad (9 vol., 2008); biographies by J. Baines (1960), F. M. Ford (1965), N. Sherry (1973, repr. 1997), F. R. Karl (1979), J. Meyers (1991), and J. Batchelor (1993); studies by E. Said (1966), R. Curle (1968), J. A. Palmer (1968), B. Johnson (1971), N. Sherry (1971, 1980), I. Watt (1980), and M. Jasanoff (2017); bibliography by T. G. Ehrsam (1969).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Heart of Darkness: Selected full-text books and articles

Youth; Heart of Darkness; The End of the Tether By Joseph Conrad J. M. Dent and Sons, 1946
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness By Harold Bloom Chelsea House, 1987
Librarian's tip: This is a book of literary criticism
Critical Approaches to Joseph Conrad By Agata Szczeszak-Brewer University of South Carolina Press, 2015
Librarian's tip: Includes 4 chapters about "The Heart of Darkness"
A Joseph Conrad Companion By Leonard Orr; Ted Billy Greenwood Press, 1999
Marlow By Harold Bloom Chelsea House, 1992
Librarian's tip: This is about Charles Marlow, who appears in several of Conrad's works including Heart of Darkness
Joseph Conrad in the Popular Imaginary: The Case of Heart of Darkness By Sewlall, Harry Journal of Literary Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2, June 2014
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Two Narratives of Modernism in Heart of Darkness By Nayak, Srila Conradiana, Vol. 44, No. 1, Spring 2012
Cultural Psychosis on the Frontier: The Work of the Darkness in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness By Brown, Tony C Studies in the Novel, Vol. 32, No. 1, Spring 2000
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Foreign Woman in British Literature: Exotics, Aliens, and Outsiders By Marilyn Demarest Button; Toni Reed Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. 9 "Phantoms Mistaken for a Human Face: Race and the Construction of the African Woman's Identity in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness"
Challenging Hierarchies: Issues and Themes in Colonial and Postcolonial African Literature By Leonard A. Podis; Yakubu Saaka Peter Lang, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 11 "Narrative Distancing and the (De)Construction of Imperialist Consciousness in 'The Man Who Would Be King' and Heart of Darkness"
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