The Metamorphosis (by Franz Kafka)

Kafka, Franz

Franz Kafka (fränts käf´kä), 1883–1924, German-language novelist, b. Prague. Along with Joyce, Kafka is perhaps the most influential of 20th-century writers. From a middle-class Jewish family from Bohemia, he spent most of his life in Prague. He studied law and then obtained an executive position in the workmen's compensation division of the Austro-Hungarian government. Most of his works were published posthumously. His major novels include Der Prozess (1925, tr. The Trial, 1937, 1998), Das Schloss (1926, tr. The Castle, 1930, 1998), and Amerika (1927, tr. 1938), the latter the first novel he wrote (1913) and the last to be published. In prose that is remarkable for its clarity and precision, Kafka presents a world that is at once real and dreamlike and in which individuals burdened with guilt, isolation, and anxiety make a futile search for personal salvation. Important stories appearing during his lifetime were "Das Urteil" (1913, tr. "The Judgement," 1945), Die Verwandlung (1915, tr. The Metamorphosis, 1937), "Ein Landarzt" (1919, tr. "A Country Doctor," 1945), In der Strafkolonie (1920, tr. In the Penal Colony, 1941), and "Ein Hungerkünstler" (1922, tr. "A Hunger Artist," 1938).

See his diaries, ed. by M. Brod (tr. 1948–49); his letters to Felice Bauer, ed. by E. Heller and J. Born (tr. 1973); biographies by M. Brod (1937, new ed. 1995), R. Hayman (1981, repr. 2001), E. Pawel (1984), N. Murray (2004), R. Stach (2 vol., 2002–8, tr. 2005–13), and S. Friedländer (2013); biography of his youthful years by E. Kendall (2013); studies by W. H. Sokel (1966), E. Heller (1974), S. Corngold (1988), and M. Anderson (1990).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

The Metamorphosis (by Franz Kafka): Selected full-text books and articles

Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis By Harold Bloom Chelsea House, 1988
Librarian's tip: This is a book of literary criticism
CliffsNotes on Kafka's The Metamorphosis and Other Stories By Herberth Czermak Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001
Franz Kafka's « the Metamorphosis » : A Case Study By Silhol, Robert PSYART, January 1, 2008
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Samsa and Samsara: Suffering, death, and rebirth in "The Metamorphosis" By Ryan, Michael P German Quarterly, April 1, 1999
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Narrative Lessons for the Psychotherapist: Kafka's the Metamorphosis By Gans, Jerome S American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 52, No. 3, Summer 1998
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Erotic Bird: Phenomenology in Literature By Maurice Natanson Princeton University Press, 1998
The Labyrinth Within: Franz Kafka and the Predicament of Modern Man By Olsen, Eric The World and I, Vol. 19, No. 6, June 2004
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