Ray Bradbury

Ray Bradbury (brăd´bĕr´ē, –bərē), 1920–2012, American writer, b. Waukegan, Ill. A popular and prolific writer of science fiction who did much to bring the genre into the mainstream of literature, Bradbury skillfully combined social and technological criticism with lyrical fantasy. His first book was the short-story collection Dark Carnival (1947). Bradbury's best-known work is probably The Martian Chronicles (1950), a collection of tales of a series of expeditions to Mars and of the ruin of Martian civilization by greedy and corrupt earthlings; it was made into a film (1966) and a TV miniseries (1980). His other volumes of stories include The Illustrated Man (1951), The Golden Apples of the Sun (1953), The Last Circus and the Executioner (1980), The Toynbee Convector (1988), Quicker than the Eye (1996), and Driving Blind (1997). Among his novels are his most successful longer work, the dystopian Fahrenheit 451 (1953, film dir. by François Truffaut, 1966), the autobiographical Dandelion Wine (1957), Something Wicked This Way Comes (1962, film 1983), The Halloween Tree (1972), and A Graveyard for Lunatics (1990). Bradbury also wrote scripts for plays, films, and television; a detective novel; children's stories; and poetry. During his lifetime, more than eight million copies of his books were sold, and his works were translated into 36 languages.

See his Zen in the Art of Writing (1990); biographies by W. L. Johnson (1980), D. Mogen (1986), S. Weller (2005), and J. R. Eller (2011); studies by G. E. Slusser (1977), W. F. Touponce (1989 and 1998), J. Anderson (1990), R. A. Reid (2000), H. Bloom, ed. (2001, repr. 2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Ray Bradbury: Selected full-text books and articles

Ray Bradbury: A Critical Companion By Robin Anne Reid Greenwood Press, 2000
Good-By, Grandma By Bradbury, Ray The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 260, No. 5, July-August 1988
The Beggar on Dublin Bridge By Bradbury, Ray The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 257, January-February 1985
Runaways By Vonnegut, Kurt The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 263, No. 5, July-August 1991
The April Witch By Bradbury, Ray The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 257, May-June 1985
Popular Contemporary Writers By Michael D. Sharp Marshall Cavendish Reference, vol.2, 2006
Librarian's tip: "Ray Bradbury" begins on p. 219
No Place Else: Explorations in Utopian and Dystopian Fiction By Eric S. Rabkin; Martin H. Greenberg; Joseph D. Olander Southern Illinois University Press, 1983
Librarian's tip: Chap. 11 "Mass Degradation of Humanity and Massive Contradictions in Bradbury's Vision of America in Fahrenheit 451"
Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide By M. Keith Booker Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "Ray Bradbury: Fahrenheit 451 (1953)" begins on p. 88
Bridges to Fantasy By George E. Slusser; Eric S. Rabkin; Robert Scholes Southern Illinois University Press, 1982
Librarian's tip: "The Unconscious, Fantasy, and Science Fiction: Transformations in Bradbury's Martian Chronicles and Lem's Solaris" begins on p. 142
The Celebration of the Fantastic: Selected Papers from the Tenth Anniversary International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts By Donald E. Morse; Marshall B. Tymn; Csilla Bertha Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: "Homage to Melville: Ray Bradbury and the Nineteenth-Century American Romance" begins on p. 279
The Dystopian Impulse in Modern Literature: Fiction as Social Criticism By M. Keith Booker Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Ray Bradbury begins on p. 106
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