négritude (nĕg´rĬtōōd´, –tyōōd), a literary movement on the part of French-speaking African and Caribbean writers who lived in Paris during the 1930s, 40s, and 50s. Adherents of négritude included Leopold Sédar Senghor, Léon Damas, and Aimé Césaire, who is said to have coined the term. Characteristic of négritude are a denunciation of Europe's devastation of Africa, a decrying of the coldness and stiffness of Western culture and its lack of the humane qualities found in African cultures, and an assertion of the glories and truths of African history, beliefs, and traditions.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Negritude: Selected full-text books and articles

Negritude Women By T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting University of Minnesota Press, 2002
When Negritude Was in Vogue: Critical Reflections of the First World Festival of Negro Arts and Culture in 1966 By Ratcliff, Anthony J Journal of Pan African Studies, Vol. 6, No. 7, February 2014
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
West African Literatures: Ways of Reading By Stephanie Newell Oxford University Press, 2006
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Negritude"
The Black Surrealists By Jean-Claude Michel Peter Lang, 2000
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "On Negritude"
The African Philosophy Reader: A Text with Readings By P. H. Coetzee; A. P. J. Roux Routledge, 2003 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: "Negritude: Literature and Ideology" begins on p. 35
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
African Philosophy in Search of Identity By D. A. Masolo Indiana University Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "Negritude and European Philosophy" begins on p. 24
Africa's Quest for a Philosophy of Decolonization By Messay Kebede Rodopi, 2004
Librarian's tip: "The Complementariness of Otherness: Negritude and the Idea of Race" begins on p. 51
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