négritude (nĕg´rĬtōōd´, –tyōōd), a literary movement on the part of French-speaking African and Caribbean writers who lived in Paris during the 1930s, 40s, and 50s. Adherents of négritude included Leopold Sédar Senghor, Léon Damas, and Aimé Césaire, who is said to have coined the term. Characteristic of négritude are a denunciation of Europe's devastation of Africa, a decrying of the coldness and stiffness of Western culture and its lack of the humane qualities found in African cultures, and an assertion of the glories and truths of African history, beliefs, and traditions.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Negritude: Selected full-text books and articles

African Literature, African Critics: The Forming of Critical Standards, 1947-1966
Rand Bishop.
Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Negritude and the Critics"
West African Literatures: Ways of Reading
Stephanie Newell.
Oxford University Press, 2006
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Negritude"
The Black Surrealists
Jean-Claude Michel.
Peter Lang, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "On Negritude"
Postcolonial Discourse and Changing Cultural Contexts: Theory and Criticism
Gita Rajan; Radhika Mohanram.
Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The Dialectics of Negritude: Or, the (Post)Colonial Subject in Contemporary African-American Literature"
Understanding African Philosophy: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Classical and Contemporary Issues
Richard H. Bell.
Routledge, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Ethnophilosophy and the 'Negritude' Movement" begins on p. 22
The African Philosophy Reader: A Text with Readings
P. H. Coetzee; A. P. J. Roux.
Routledge, 2003 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Negritude: Literature and Ideology" begins on p. 35
African Philosophy in Search of Identity
D. A. Masolo.
Indiana University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Negritude and European Philosophy" begins on p. 24
Africa's Quest for a Philosophy of Decolonization
Messay Kebede.
Rodopi, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "The Complementariness of Otherness: Negritude and the Idea of Race" begins on p. 51
Encyclopedia of Postcolonial Studies
John C. Hawley.
Greenwood Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Negritude" begins on p. 322
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