Stream of Consciousness

stream of consciousness

stream of consciousness, in literature, technique that records the multifarious thoughts and feelings of a character without regard to logical argument or narrative sequence. The writer attempts by the stream of consciousness to reflect all the forces, external and internal, influencing the psychology of a character at a single moment. The technique was first employed by Édouard Dujardin (1861–1949) in his novel Les Lauriers sont coupés (1888) and was subsequently used by such notable writers as James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and William Faulkner. The phrase "stream of consciousness" to indicate the flow of inner experience was first used by William James in Principles of Psychology (1890).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Stream of Consciousness: Selected full-text books and articles

Bergson and the Stream of Consciousness Novel By Shiv K. Kumar New York University Press, 1963
An Assessment of Twentieth-Century Literature By J. Isaacs Secker & Warburg, 1951
Librarian's tip: Chap. III "The Stream of Consciousness"
The Nature of Narrative By Robert Scholes; Robert Kellogg Oxford University Press, 1968
Librarian's tip: Discussion of stream of consciousness begins on p. 177
A Handbook to Literature By William Flint Thrall; Addison Hibbard Odyssey Press, 1960 (Revised edition)
Librarian's tip: "The Stream of Consciousness Novel" begins on p. 471
Flowing against the Traditional Stream: Consciousness in Tillie Olsen's 'Tell Me a Riddle.' (American writer)(Interview) By Schultz, Lydia A MELUS, Vol. 22, No. 3, Fall 1997
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A William Faulkner Encyclopedia By Robert W. Hamblin; Charles A. Peek Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Stream of Consciousness" begins on p. 385
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