Elie Wiesel

Elie Wiesel, 1928–2016, American writer, writing in French, b. Sighet, Romania. In 1944 the Nazis imprisoned him and his family at Auschwitz, an extermination camp, where his mother and sister were killed, and then at Buchenwald, a concentration camp, where his father died; he alone survived. After the war, he studied at the Sorbonne. In the 1950s he was a correspondent for Israeli, American, and French newspapers. After living in France and Israel, he settled in the United States in 1956 and became a citizen in 1963.

Wiesel's dozens of novels, plays, retellings of biblical stories, and collections of Hasidic tales have focused on the importance of keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive. The autobiographical novel Night (1958) recounts the horrors he witnessed as a death camp inmate; it and two subsequent novels about concentration camp survivors, Dawn (1960) and The Accident (1961), comprise the Night Trilogy. Later works include A Jew Today (1978), The Fifth Son (1985), and The Judges (2002). For his efforts on behalf of oppressed peoples, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

See his memoirs All Rivers Run to the Sea (1995) and And the Sea Is Never Full (1999); his Memoir in Two Voices (with F. Mitterrand, 1996); studies by R. M. Brown (1984) and M. Berenbaum (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Elie Wiesel: Selected full-text books and articles

Student Companion to Elie Wiesel By Sanford Sternlicht Greenwood Press, 2003
Great Adventures and Explorations from the Earliest Times to the Present, as Told by the Explorers Themselves By Vilhjalmur Stefansson; Olive Rathbun Wilcox Dial Press, 1952 (Revised edition)
Librarian's tip: "The Death Train" by Elie Wiesel begins on p. 3
European Memories of the Second World War By Helmut Peitsch; Charles Burdett; Claire Gorrara Berghahn Books, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. 12 "Reviewing Memory: Wiesel, Testimony and Self Reading"
The Contemporary Novel in France By William Thompson University Press of Florida, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 11 "Elie Wiesel"
Perspectives on the Holocaust: Essays in Honor of Raul Hilberg By James S. Pacy; Alan P. Wertheimer Westview Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "Elie Wiesel and Primo Levi"
Human Rights: The Essential Reference By Ralph Wilde; Carol Devine; Carol Rae Hansen; Hilary Poole Oryx Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Elie Wiesel: Author and Humanitarian" begins on p. 222
Writing and the Holocaust By Berel Lang Holmes & Meier, 1988
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Elie Wiesel begins on p. 21
From the Unthinkable to the Unavoidable: American Christian and Jewish Scholars Encounter the Holocaust By Carol Rittner; John K. Roth Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian's tip: Includes discussion of Elie Wiesel in multiple chapters
Voicing the Void: Muteness and Memory in Holocaust Fiction By Sara R. Horowitz State University of New York Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Muted Chords: From Victim to Survivor"
Christianity, Tragedy, and Holocaust Literature By Michael R. Steele Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Tragedy and the Holocaust"
Dictionary of the Holocaust: Biography, Geography, and Terminology By Eric Joseph Epstein; Philip Rosen Greenwood Press, 1997
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