Robert Graves

Graves, Robert Ranke

Robert Ranke Graves, 1895–1985, English poet, novelist, and critic; son of Alfred Percival Graves. He established his reputation with Good-bye to All That (1929), an outspoken book on his war experiences. A versatile and highly prolific writer, Graves considered himself primarily a poet; his poems were characterized by gracefulness and lucidity. However, Graves was best known for his unorthodox novels of Roman history, I, Claudius (1934) and Claudius the God (1934), as well as fictionalized reappraisals of history and legend such as King Jesus (1946) and Homer's Daughter (1955). Graves was also known for studies of the mythological and psychological sources of poetry, such as The White Goddess (1947), Greek Myths (2 vol., 1955), and Hebrew Myths (1963). Other works of criticism include The Common Asphodel (1949), Poetic Craft and Principle (1967), On Poetry: Collected Talks and Essays (1969), and translations of The Golden Ass of Apuleius and the Iliad. From 1961 until 1966 he was professor of poetry at Oxford.


See his Collected Poems (1965), Collected Short Stories (1965), Poems, 1968–1970 (1970), and Poems 1970–1972 (1973), and a collection of essays, Difficult Questions, Easy Answers (1974). See also biographies by M. S. Smith (1983), R. P. Graves (1987), and M. Seymour (1995); studies by M. Kirkham (1969) and P. J. Keane (1980); bibliography by W. P. Williams and F. H. Higginson (2d ed. 1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Robert Graves: Selected full-text books and articles

Swifter Than Reason: The Poetry and Criticism of Robert Graves By Douglas Day University of North Carolina Press, 1963
Robert Graves By Martin Seymour-Smith Longmans, Green, 1956
Poetic Unreason: And Other Studies By Robert Graves Biblo and Tannen, 1968
The Twelve Caesars By Suetonius; Robert Graves Penguin Books, 1957
Graves and the Goddess: Essays on Robert Graves's the White Goddess By Ian Firla; Grevel Lindop Susquehanna University Press, 2003
The Georgian Revolt, 1910-1922: Rise and Fall of a Poetic Ideal By Robert H. Ross Southern Illinois University Press, 1965
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "The Failure of Imagination"
The Columbia History of British Poetry By Carl Woodring; James Shapiro Columbia University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Discusion of Robert Graves begins on p. 547-550, 653
The Enemy Reviewed: German Popular Literature through British Eyes between the Two World Wars By Ariela Halkin Praeger Publishers, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Flood"
Rocking the Boat By Gore Vidal Little, Brown, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Robert Graves and the Twelve Caesars" begins on p. 204
Encounters: An Anthology from the First Ten Years of Encounter Magazine By Stephen Spender; Melvin Lasky J.; Irving Kristol Basic Books, 1963
Librarian’s tip: "The Whitaker Negroes" by Robert Graves begins on p. 92
Trees, Kings, and Muses: Robert Graves's Battle of the Trees and Jotham's Parable of the Trees By Rosenfeld, Nancy Papers on Language & Literature, Vol. 41, No. 2, Spring 2005
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator
Author Advanced search


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.