Looking Backward, 2000-1887

Bellamy, Edward

Edward Bellamy (bĕl´əmē), 1850–98, American author, b. Chicopee Falls (now part of Chicopee), Mass. After being admitted to the bar he tried his hand at journalism and contributed short stories of genuine charm to various magazines. These were later collected as The Blind Man's World and Other Stories (1898). His novels—The Duke of Stockbridge (1879), Dr. Heindenhoff's Process (1880), and Miss Ludington's Sister (1884)—were followed by Looking Backward, 2000–1887 (1888), which overshadowed his other work and brought him fame. This utopian romance pictured the world in the year 2000 under a system of state socialism. Much of the book's appeal lies in its unpretentious style and its vivid picture of the imagined society. The work sold over a million copies in the next few years and resulted in the formation of "Nationalist" clubs throughout the nation and the founding of the Nationalist monthly (1888–91). Bellamy himself founded and edited the New Nation (1891–94), a weekly. Equality, a sequel to Looking Backward, appeared in 1897.

See biography by S. E. Bowman (1958, repr. 1979); J. L. Thomas, Alternative America (1983); D. Patai, ed., Looking Backward, 1988–1888 (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2016, The Columbia University Press.

Looking Backward, 2000-1887: Selected full-text books and articles

Looking Backward, 2000-1887 By Edward Bellamy New American Library, 1960
Looking Backward, 1988-1888: Essays on Edward Bellamy By Daphne Patai University of Massachusetts Press, 1988
The Limits of Spatialized Form: Visibility and Obscurity in Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward By Williams, Nicholas M Utopian Studies, Vol. 10, No. 2, Spring 1999
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Religion of Solidarity: Looking Backward as a Rational Utopia By Ferrara, Mark Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature, Vol. 59, No. 2, Winter 2007
The Year 2000: A Critical Biography of Edward Bellamy By Sylvia E. Bowman Bookman Associates, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "The Reformer: Looking Backward, Nationalism, Equality"
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