Martin Delany

Delany, Martin Robinson

Martin Robinson Delany (dəlā´nē), 1812–85, American black leader, b. Charles Town, Va. (now in West Virginia). The son of free blacks, he attended a black school in Pittsburgh and studied medicine at Harvard. He emphasized the practical aspects of black problems. Taking up the cause of emigration (the return of American blacks to Africa), he was largely responsible for the first National Emigration Convention in 1854 and headed an expedition to the Niger valley. In the Civil War he was an army physician. Later he was in the Freedmen's Bureau, served as a trial judge in Charleston, S.C., and lost (1874) the election for lieutenant governor of South Carolina; he was a stern enemy of corruption. His ideas of race appeared in Principles of Ethnology (1879).

See biographies by F. A. Rollin (1868, repr. 1969), D. Sterling (1971), and V. Ullman (1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Martin Delany: Selected full-text books and articles

Without Regard to Race: The Other Martin Robison Delany By Tunde Adeleke University Press of Mississippi, 2003
Conjugal Union: The Body, the House, and the Black American By Robert Reid-Pharr Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Conjugal Union"
African Americans and Haiti: Emigration and Black Nationalism in the Nineteenth Century By Chris Dixon Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Martin Delany begins on p. 75
African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook By Emmanuel S. Nelson Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885)" begins on p. 101
Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900 By Philip S. Foner; Robert James Branham University of Alabama Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 69 "The Moral and Social Aspect of Africa" and Chap. 78 "Advice to Ex-Slaves"
The Black Abolitionist Papers By C. Peter Ripley University of North Carolina Press, vol.1, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Includes speeches made by Martin Delany
Race, Citizenship, and Law in American Literature By Gregg D. Crane Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Martin Delany begins on p. 135
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