Macbeth (măkbĕth´), d. 1057, king of Scotland (1040–57). He succeeded his father as governor of the province of Moray c.1031 and was a military commander for Duncan I. In 1040 he killed Duncan in battle and seized the throne. Possibly of royal descent himself, he acquired a direct claim to the throne through his wife, Gruoch; she was a granddaughter of Kenneth III, who had been overthrown by Duncan's ancestor Malcolm II. Macbeth represented northern elements in the population who were opposed to the ties with the Saxons advocated by Duncan. Macbeth was defeated in 1054 by Siward, earl of Northumbria, who regained the southern part of Scotland on behalf of Malcolm Canmore, Duncan's son. Malcolm himself regained the rest of the kingdom after defeating and killing Macbeth in the battle of Lumphanan. He then succeeded to the throne as Malcolm III. William Shakespeare's version of the story comes from the accounts of Raphael Holinshed and Hector Boece.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Macbeth: Selected full-text books and articles

The Tragedy of Macbeth By William Shakespeare; Nicholas Brooke Oxford University Press, 1998
William Shakespeare's Macbeth By Harold Bloom Chelsea House, 1987
Librarian’s tip: This is a book of literary criticism
Macbeth: A Guide to the Play By H. R. Coursen Greenwood Press, 1997
Shakespeare the Playwright: A Companion to the Complete Tragedies, Histories, Comedies, and Romances By Victor L. Cahn Praeger, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Macbeth begins on p. 179
Dynamism of Character in Shakespeare's Mature Tragedies By Piotr Sadowski University of Delaware Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Macbeth"
The Wheel of Fire: Interpretations of Shakespearian Tragedy By G. Wilson Knight Routledge, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Brutus and Macbeth" and Chap. 7 "Macbeth and the Metaphysic of Evil"
Shakespeare as Political Thinker By John E. Alvis; Thomas G. West ISI Books, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Macbeth and the Gospelling of Scotland" begins on p. 315
Comic Women, Tragic Men: A Study of Gender and Genre in Shakespeare By Linda Bamber Stanford University Press, 1982
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Four "Macbeth and Coriolanus"
Shakespeare on Masculinity By Robin Headlam Wells Cambridge University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "'Arms and the Man': Macbeth"
Shakespeare's Wordplay By M. M. Mahood Routledge, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VI "Macbeth"
Design and Closure in Shakespeare's Major Plays: The Nature of Recapitulation By William B. Bache P. Lang, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Macbeth begins on p. 217
Biblical Influences in Shakespeare's Great Tragedies By Peter S. J. Milward Indiana University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Macbeth begins on p. 112
Shakespeare, the Movie II: Popularizing the Plays on Film, TV, Video, and Dvd By Richard Burt; Lynda E. Boose Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 14 "Out Damned Scot: Dislocating Macbeth in Transnational Film and Media Culture"
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