J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien: (John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) (täl´kēn, tōl´–), 1892–1973, British novelist, b. South Africa. A fantasy writer and Oxford don, Tolkien wrote The Hobbit (1937), adapted from stories he told his children. Some of the characters from The Hobbit reappear in The Lord of the Rings (1954–55), a trilogy in which he details the life, history, and cosmology of the mythological Middle Earth, and for which he invented several languages, most notably Elvish. He was also a respected medieval scholar.

See H. Carpenter and C. Tolkien, ed., The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (1988); biographies by H. Carpenter (1977, repr. 2000), L. E. Jones (2003), and M. White (2003); studies by R. Foster (rev. ed. 2001) and T. A. Shippey (rev. ed. 2003).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

J. R. R. Tolkien: Selected full-text books and articles

A Tolkien Compass By Jared Lobdell Open Court, 2003
Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on the History of Middle-Earth By Verlyn Flieger; Carl E. Hostetter Greenwood Press, 2000
Ents, Elves, and Eriador: The Environmental Vision of J.R.R. Tolkien By Matthew Dickerson; Jonathan Evans University Press of Kentucky, 2006
Tolkien's Females and the Defining of Power By Enright, Nancy Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature, Vol. 59, No. 2, Winter 2007
The Great War and Tolkien's Memory: An Examination of World War I Themes in the Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings By Croft, Janet Brennan Mythlore, Vol. 23, No. 4, Fall-Winter 2002
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
J. R. R. Tolkien: Six Decades of Criticism By Judith A. Johnson Greenwood Press, 1986
A Question of Time: J.R.R. Tolkien's Road to Faerie By Verlyn Flieger Kent State University Press, 1997
Tolkien the Medievalist By Jane Chance Routledge, 2003
The Rise of Tolkienian Fantasy By Jared Lobdell Open Court, 2005
Shadows of Imagination: The Fantasies of C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, and Charles Williams By Mark R. Hillegas Southern Illinois University Press, 1979 (New edition)
"Mad" Elves and "Elusive Beauty": Some Celtic Strands of Tolkien's Mythology [1] By Fimi, Dimitra Folklore, Vol. 117, No. 2, August 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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