Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry (älfrĕd´ zhärē´), 1873–1907, French author. He was well known in Paris for his eccentric and dissolute behavior and for his insistence on the superiority of hallucinations over rational intelligence. His most famous work is the satirical farce Ubu Roi [Ubu the king] (1896, tr. 1961), with a repulsive and cowardly hero based on one of his old schoolteachers. He also wrote surrealistic verse stories, which, although witty, are also blasphemous and scatological. They include Les Minutes de sable mémorial [the moments of a monument in sand] (1894), César-Antéchrist [Caesar-Antichrist] (1895, tr. 1972), L'Amour en visites [love on visits] (1898), L'Amour absolu [absolute love] (1899), and Le Surmale (1902), as well as another play, Ubu enchaîné [Ubu in chains] (1902).

See his Ubu Plays (tr. 1969); biography by A. Brotchie (2011); study by K. Beaumont (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Alfred Jarry: Selected full-text books and articles

The Director and the Stage: From Naturalism to Grotowski By Edward Braun Holmes & Meier, 1982
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Alfred Jarry"
The Reign of the Theatrical Director: French Theatre, 1887-1924 By Bettina L. Knapp Whitston, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "A Scandal at the Theatre de L'Oeuvre: Alfred Jarry's King Ubu"
Staging the Savage God: The Grotesque in Performance By Ralf Remshardt Southern Illinois University Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Ubu Roi and the End of History" begins on p. 174
Twentieth-Century Theatre: A Sourcebook By Richard Drain Routledge, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Alfred Jarry: From Of the Uselessness to Theatre of the Theatre (1896)"
Dancing under Their Own Gaze: Mallarme, Jarry and Valery By Fell, Jill Journal of European Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2, June 1999
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Avant Garde Theatre, 1892-1992 By Christopher Innes Routledge, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "Symbolism and Alfred Jarry" begins on p. 19
20th Century French Drama By David I. Grossvogel Columbia University Press, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Les Enfants Terribles: Jarry, Apollinaire, Cocteau"
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