Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume Apollinaire (gēyōm´ äpōlēnâr´), 1880–1918, French poet. He was christened Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky. Apollinaire was a leader in the restless period of technical innovation and experimentation in the arts during the early 20th cent. Influenced by the symbolist poets of the previous generation, he developed a casual, lyrical poetic style characterized by a blend of modern and traditional images and verse techniques. His best-known lyrical poems are collected in Alcools (1913) and Calligrammes (1918). A friend of many avant-garde artists, including Picasso and Braque, Apollinaire is credited with introducing cubism with his book Les Peintres cubistes (1913, tr. The Cubist Painters, 1949). Les Mamelles de Tirésias (1918), his only play, was one of the earliest examples of surrealism.

See biographies by F. Steegmuller (1963, repr. 1971) and M. Davies (1964); studies by L. C. Breunig (1969), K. Samaltanos (1984), T. Mathews (1988), and S. Bates (1967, rev. ed. 1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Guillaume Apollinaire: Selected full-text books and articles

The Cubist Painters: Aesthetic Meditations, 1913 By Guillaume Apollinaire; Lionel Abel Wittenborn Schultz, 1949 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Phantom of the Clouds"
The Creative Experiment By C. M. Bowra MacMillan, 1949
Age of Surrealism By Wallace Fowlie Swallow Press, 1950
Toward the Poetics of Surrealism By J. H. Matthews Syracuse University Press, 1976
Librarian’s tip: "Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 53
Poetry in France: Metamorphoses of a Muse By Keith Aspley; Peter France Edinburgh University Press, 1992
The Art of Assemblage By William C. Seitz Museum of Modern Art, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "The Liberation of Words Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 14
20th Century French Drama By David I. Grossvogel Columbia University Press, 1961
Giorgio de Chirico By James Thrall Soby The Museum of Modern Art, 1955
Librarian’s tip: "Friendships in Paris; Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 44
A Gertrude Stein Companion: Content with the Example By Bruce Kellner Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: "Guillaume Apollinaire" begins on pg. 144
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