Romain Rolland

Romain Rolland (rômăN´ rôläN´), 1866–1944, French novelist, biographer, playwright, and musicologist. After studying in Paris he spent two crucial years in Rome, where he was influenced by German intellectuals. He wrote biographies of Beethoven (1903, tr. 1909), Michelangelo (1905, tr. 1915), Tolstoy (1911, tr. 1911), and Mahatma Gandhi (1924, tr. 1924). His 10-volume novel Jean-Christophe (1904–12, tr. 1910–13), established his reputation in the literary world. An example of the roman-fleuve, or continuous series of novels, it is a fictional biography of a German-born musician and a study of contemporary French and German civilization. Rolland was awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize in Literature. His genuine pacifistic philosophy and the courage of his convictions, reflected in Above the Battle (1915, tr. 1916), led to self-imposed exile in Switzerland, where he remained until 1938. Among his other works are the play The Wolves (1898, tr. 1937), inspired by the Dreyfus Affair; the seven-volume novel The Soul Enchanted (1922–33, tr. 1925–34); and a biography (1945) of Péguy. Journey Within (2d ed. 1959, tr. 1947) and Mémoires (1956) are autobiographical.

See biography by W. T. Starr (1972); study by H. March (1973).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Romain Rolland: Selected full-text books and articles

Romain Rolland By R. A. Francis Berg, 1999
FREE! Above the Battle By Romain Rolland; C. K. Ogden Open Court Publishing Company, 1916 (2nd edition)
Journey Within By Romain Rolland; Elsie Pell Philosophical Library, 1947
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
French Thought in the Eighteenth Century: Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot By Andre Maurois; Edouard Herriot; Romain Rolland David McKay, 1953
FREE! Jean-Christophe in Paris: The Market-Place, Antoinette, The House By Romain Rolland; Gilbert Cannan H. Holt, 1911
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Goethe and Beethoven By Romain Rolland; G. A. Pfister; E. S. Kemp Harper and Brothers, 1931
Exemplary Europeans Romain Rolland and Stefan Zweig By Rensen, Marleen European Studies, No. 32, January 1, 2014
Trinity and Atheology: The Listening Self in Romain Rolland's Jean-Christophe By Collins, Ashok French Forum, Vol. 39, No. 2-3, Spring-Fall 2014
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