Novalis (Friederich von Hardenberg)


Novalis (nōvä´lĬs), pseud. of Friederich von Hardenberg (frē´drĬkh fən här´dənbĕrk), 1772–1801, German poet. He studied philosophy under Schiller, Schlegel, and Fichte and was especially influenced by Fichte. He later studied geology. Novalis was one of the great German romantics; his chief work was the novel Heinrich von Ofterdingen (1802), unfinished at the time of his early death from tuberculosis. It tells the story of a legendary minnesinger, whose wanderings and search for a "blue flower" became symbols of German romantic poetry. Novalis's grief at the death (1797) of his young love, Sophie von Kühn, found expression in a volume of beautiful and deeply religious lyrics, Hymns to the Night (1800; tr. 1889, 1948). Christendom or Europe (1826, tr. 1844) is an exposition of his Roman Catholicism.

See studies by B. Haywood (1959), J. Neubauer (1971), and J. Neuberger (1980).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Novalis (Friederich von Hardenberg): Selected full-text books and articles

German Philosophy, 1760-1860: The Legacy of Idealism By Terry Pinkard Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "The 1790s after Fichte: The Romantic Appropriation of Kant (I): Holderlin, Novalis, Schleiermacher, Schlegel"
Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism: The Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790-1800 By Frederick C. Beiser Harvard University Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: Chap. 11 "The Political Theory of Novalis"
The Political Thought of the German Romantics, 1793-1815 By H. S. Reiss Blackwell, 1955
Librarian's tip: Chap. III "Novalis (1772-1801)"
Medusa's Mirror: Studies in German Literature By August Closs Cresset Press, 1957
Librarian's tip: Chap. VII "Novalis"
A Jungian Approach to Literature By Bettina L. Knapp Southern Illinois University Press, 1984
Librarian's tip: "Novalis (1772-1801): Hymns to the Night - A Regressus ad Uterum" begins on p. 160
On Emerson and Other Essays By Maurice Maeterlinck; Montrose J. Moses Core Collection Books, 1978
Librarian's tip: "Novalis" begins on p. 53
The Emergence of Romanticism By Nicholas V. Riasanovsky Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Novalis begins on p. 41
The Experience of the Foreign: Culture and Translation in Romantic Germany By Antoine Berman; S. Heyvaert State University of New York Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Novalis begins on p. 103
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