Lucian of Samosata

Lucian

Lucian (lōō´shən), b. c.120, d. after 180, Greek writer, also called Lucianus, b. Samosata, Syria. In late life he held a government position in Egypt. Lucian wrote an easy, masterly Attic prose, which he turned to satirical use. His wit and characterizations give his satires a vigor and an interest that have made him highly admired and often imitated. The most important and characteristic are his dialogues (e.g., Dialogues of the Gods,Dialogues of the Dead,The Sale of Lives), which deal with ancient mythology (the Olympian fables, which he satirizes) and with contemporary philosophers (whose ineptitude he exposes). The True History, a fantastic tale parodying incredible adventure stories, influenced such later writers as Rabelais and Swift. Lucian also wrote poems and rhetorical, critical, and biographical works.

See C. R. Robinson, Lucian and His Influence in Europe (1979); C. P. Jones, Culture and Society in Lucian (1986).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Lucian of Samosata: Selected full-text books and articles

Lucian, Satirist and Artist
Francis G. Allinson.
Marshall Jones, 1926
FREE! The Works of Lucian of Samosata: Complete with Exceptions Specified in the Preface
F. G. Fowler; Lucian; H. W. Fowler.
Clarendon Press, vol.1, 1905
Selected Satires of Lucian
Lionel Casson; Lionel Casson.
Anchor Books, 1962
Lucian, Plato and Greek Morals
John Jay Chapman.
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1931
Citizens of Long Ago: Essays on Life and Letters in the Roman Empire
Adeline Belle Hawes.
Oxford University Press, 1934
Greek Forms of Address: From Herodotus to Lucian
Eleanor Dickey.
Clarendon Press, 1996
True History, and Lucius, or the Ass
Lucian; Paul Turner.
Indiana University Press, 1958
Satirical Sketches
Lucian; Paul Turner.
Indiana University Press, 1990
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