Arthur Schnitzler

Arthur Schnitzler (är´tŏŏr shnĬts´lər), 1862–1931, Austrian dramatist and novelist. The son of a prominent Jewish Viennese physician, he studied and practiced medicine until he attracted critical notice with his drama Anatol (1893, tr. 1982), a cycle of one-act plays concerning a philanderer. He followed a similar format in La Ronde (1900, tr. 1982), a cycle of plays about related sexual liaisons, which later served as inspiration for a 1950 Max Ophuls film and a 1998 David Hare drama. Schnitzler's plays, novellas, and novels of fin-de-siècle Vienna are distinguished by their sparkling wit, brilliant style, and clinical observations of human psychology and social disintegration. His concern is with individual happiness, his approach is subtle and amoral, his tone unsentimental and ironic, and his dramatic problems often focused on love and sexual faithfulness. Among his more significant dramas are Liebelei (1895, tr. The Reckoning, 1907); The Lonely Way (tr. 1915), on artistic dedication; The Vast Domain (1911, tr. 1923); and Professor Bernhardi (tr. 1928) a tragedy about anti-Semitism. Of his novels, The Road to the Open (1908, tr. 1923) is autobiographical; he also wrote several novellas and numerous short stories.

See biography by S. Liptzin (1932); studies by B. Schneider-Halvorson (1983), P. W. Tax and R. H. Lawson, ed. (1984), and P. Gay (2001).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Arthur Schnitzler: Selected full-text books and articles

Echoes in the Text: Musical Citation in German Narratives from Theodor Fontane to Martin Walser By Jean H. Leventhal Peter Lang, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. II "Private Soirees and Public Performances: Arthur Schnitzler's Frau Berta Garlan and Fraulein Else"
The 'Jewish Question' in German Literature, 1749-1939: Emancipation and Its Discontents By Ritchie Robertson Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Schnitzler : Liberalism and Irony" begins on p. 93
German Men of Letters By Alex Natan Oswald Wolff, vol.2, 1963
Librarian's tip: "Arthur Schnitzler" begins on p. 55
Modern German Literature, 1880-1950 By Jethro Bithell Methuen, 1959 (3rd Rev. edition)
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Arthur Schnitzler begins on p. 228
FREE! Aspects of Modern Drama By Frank Wadleigh Chandler Macmillan, 1914
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Arthur Schnitzler begins on p. 278
Schnitzler, Kubrick, and "Fidelio" By Whitinger, Raleigh; Ingram, Susan Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 36, No. 3, September 2003
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Enemy Reviewed: German Popular Literature through British Eyes between the Two World Wars By Ariela Halkin Praeger Publishers, 1995
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Arthur Schnitzler begins on p. 121
Representative Continental Dramas: Revolutionary and Transitional By Montrose J. Moses Boston, Little, Brown, and Company, 1924
Librarian's tip: "The Lonely Way" (1903) by Arthur Schnitzler begins on p. 59
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