Generation of 1898

Generation of '98

Generation of '98, Spanish literary and cultural movement in the first two decades of the 20th cent. It was so named by Azorín (see Martínez Ruiz, José) in 1913 to designate a group of young writers who, in the face of defeat (1898) in the Spanish-American War, proclaimed a moral and cultural rebirth for Spain. Azorín's original list included Valle Inclán, Unamuno, Benavente y Martínez, Baroja y Nessi, Ramiro de Maeztu, Darío, and Azorín himself. It has since been emended to include Ganivet and Antonio Machado, as well as Ortega y Gasset, Pérez de Ayala, and Marañón. Darío is more often considered as the founder of modernismo. The group was concerned with defining the essential quality of Spain, studying its history and culture. In the austere life of Castile many of them discovered the key to the essence of Hispanicism. While they attacked aestheticism and the current adulation of the Austrian satiric poet Karl Kraus, they also represented cosmopolitan trends, including political liberalism. They greatly influenced the work of later Spanish writers.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Generation of 1898: Selected full-text books and articles

Spain: A Short History of Its Politics, Literature, and Art from Earliest Times to the Present By Henry Dwight Sedgwick Little, Brown, 1926
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XLVI "The Generation of 1898" p. 346
FREE! The Drama of Transition: Native and Exotic Playcraft By Isaac Goldberg Stewart Kidd Company, 1922
Librarian’s tip: "The Generation of '98" p. 93
Unamuno: A Philosophy of Tragedy By José Ferrater Mora; Philip Silver University of California Press, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Unamuno and His Generation: 1 The Generation of 1898" begins on p. 1
Madrid 1900: The Capital as Cradle of Literature and Culture By Michael Ugarte Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Generation of 1898 begins on p. 51
Antonio Machado By Alice Jane McVan; Antonio Machado Hispanic Society of America, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Generation of 1898 begins on p. 1
Spain: The Root and the Flower: A History of the Civilization of Spain and of the Spanish People By John A. Crow Harper & Row, 1963 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of the Generation of 1898 begins on p. 256
The Origins of Modern Spain By J. B. Trend Macmillan Company, 1934
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of the Generation of 1898 begins on p. 160
Historical Dictionary of the Spanish Empire, 1402-1975 By James S. Olson; Sam L. Slick; Samuel Freeman; Virginia Garrard Burnett; Fred Koestler Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of the Generation of 1898 begins on p. 277
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