Atlantis (ətlăntĬs, ăt–), in Greek legend, large island in the western sea (the Atlantic Ocean). Plato, in his dialogues the Timaeus and the Critias, tells of the high civilization that flourished there before the island was destroyed by an earthquake. The legend persists, and societies for the discovery of Atlantis remain active. Plato described Atlantis as an ideal state, and the name is considered synonymous with Utopia. Francis Bacon called his account of the ideal state The New Atlantis.

See Z. Kukan, Atlantis in the Light of Modern Research (1984); C. Pellegrino, Unearthing Atlantis (1991); E. Zangger, The Flood from Heaven (1992).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Atlantis: Selected full-text books and articles

Swallowed by the Sea By Winchester, Simon Newsweek, Vol. 157, No. 14, April 4, 2011
The Search for Atlantis! By Callahan, Tim; Friedhoffer, Bob; Linse, Pat Skeptic (Altadena, CA), Vol. 8, No. 4, Winter 2001
The Lost World By Richmond, Simon Geographical, Vol. 70, No. 8, August 1998
FREE! The Myths of Plato By Plato; J. A. Stewart MacMillan, 1905
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Atlantis Revealed; Island off Gibraltar 'Was the Lost City' By Chapman, James Daily Mail (London), September 20, 2001
Greece before History: An Archaeological Companion and Guide By Curtis Runnels; Priscilla Murray Stanford University Press, 2001
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