Andre Malraux

Malraux, André

André Malraux (äNdrā´ mälrō´), 1901–76, French man of letters and political figure. An intellectual with a broad knowledge of archaeology, art history, and anthropology, Malraux led a remarkably adventurous life. He traveled to Indochina looking for Khmer statuary and later visited such locales as Russia, Persia, Afghanistan, Burma, Malaysia, and the United States. He witnessed the struggle in China (1927) between the Communists and Nationalists, described in his novel The Conquerors (1928), helped to organize the Republican air force and commanded a squadron of volunteers in the Spanish civil war, and was a founder of the World League against Anti-Semitism. A French tank commander during World War II, he was captured by the Germans but escaped and became a resistance leader. Malraux served (1945, 1958) as minister of information under Charles de Gaulle. An enthusiastic adherent of de Gaulle, Malraux was later (1959–68) his minister of cultural affairs; as such he was largely responsible for the restoration of many Parisian landmarks, the establishment of the Orchestre de Paris, the funding of various literary works, and the creation of regional art centers. His writings on de Gaulle include Fallen Oaks (1971, tr. 1972).

Malraux's outstanding social novels, which reflect the tumult of his time, include La Condition humaine (1933; tr. Man's Fate, 1934), concerning the Shanghai uprisings, and L'Espoir (1938; tr. Man's Hope, 1938), set in Spain during the civil war. Amid violence and political chaos, his heroes struggle to maintain their dignity and humanity. Among his writings on art and civilization are Les Voix du silence (1951; tr. The Voices of Silence, 1953); The Metamorphosis of the Gods (tr. 1960), drawn from several of his works, including Le Musée imaginaire de la sculpture mondiale (3 vol., 1953–54); and Le Triangle noir (1970), studies of Goya, Laclos, and Saint-Just. In these works Malraux portrays art as an outgrowth of past art rather than a reaction to contemporary stimuli.

See his Anti-memoirs (1967, tr. 1968); memoir by C. Malraux (1967); biographies by R. Payne (1970), P. Galante (1971), J. Lacouture (1973, tr. 1976), C. Cate (1997), and O. Todd (2001, tr. 2005); studies by V. M. Horvath (1969), T. J. Kline (1973), W. M. Frohock (1974), H. Bloom, ed. (1988), G. T. Harris (1996), and J. F. Lyotard (2001).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Andre Malraux: Selected full-text books and articles

André Malraux: Tragic Humanist By Charles D. Blend Ohio State University Press, 1963
Shaping the Novel: Textual Interplay in the Fiction of Malraux, Hébert, and Modiano By Constantina Thalia Mitchell; Paul Raymond Côté Berghahn Books, 1996
Librarian's tip: Part I "Colloquium As Text/Text As Colloquium: Andre Malraux's Les Noyers de l'Altenburg"
The Prometheus Syndrome By Bettina L. Knapp Whitston, 1979
Librarian's tip: Chap. 9 "Malraux: The Voices of Silence"
The Novelist as Philosopher: Studies in French Fiction, 1935-1960 By John Cruickshank Oxford University Press, 1962
Librarian's tip: "Andre Malraux b. 1901" begins on p. 55
The Politics of Fun: Cultural Policy and Debate in Contemporary France By David L. Looseley Berg Publishers, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Heritage, Creation, Democratisation: The Malraux Years" and Chap. 3 "From Malraux to Mitterrand: Creation and Creativity"
The de Gaulle Revolution By Alexander Werth Robert Hale, 1960
Librarian's tip: "Paris in June -- Malraux's Press Conference: 'No More Torture'" begins on p. 194
Politics and the Novel By Irving Howe Horizon Press, 1957
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "Malraux, Silone, Koestler: The Twentieth Century"
105 Greatest Living Authors Present the World's Best Stories, Humor, Drama, Biography, History, Essays, Poetry By Whit Burnett Dial Press, 1950
Librarian's tip: "Andre Malraux" begins on p. 677
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Easy Pieces By Geoffrey H. Hartman Columbia University Press, 1985
Librarian's tip: "The Malraux Mystery" begins on p. 45
Military Discipline and Revolutionary Exaltation: The Dismantling of "L'illusion Lyrique" in Malraux's L'espoir and Bataille's le Bleu Du Ciel By Boldt-Irons, Leslie Anne The Romanic Review, Vol. 91, No. 4, November 2000
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Malraux's Mission By Lebovics, Herman The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 1, Winter 1997
Andre Malraux and the Temptation of the Orient in 'La Condition Humaine' By Dye, Michel Journal of European Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1, March 1999
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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