Andre Breton

Breton, André

André Breton (äNdrā´ brətôN´), 1896–1966, French writer, founder and theorist of the surrealist movement. He studied neuropsychology and was one of the first in France to publicize the work of Freud. At first a Dadaist, he collaborated with Philippe Soupault in automatic writing in Les Champs magnétiques (1921). He then turned to surrealism, writing three manifestos (1924, 1930, 1934) and opening a studio for "surrealist research." Breton helped to found several reviews: Littérature (1919), Minotaure (1933), and VVV (1944). His other works include Nadja (1928, tr. 1960), a semiautobiographical novel; What is Surrealism? (1934, tr. 1936); Ode à Charles Fourier (1946); and L' Art Magique (1957).

See biography by M. Polizzotti (1995); study by A. E. Balakian (1971); A. E. Balakian and R. E. Kuenzli, ed., André Breton Today (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Andre Breton: Selected full-text books and articles

André Breton and the Basic Concepts of Surrealism By Michel Carrouges; Maura Prendergast University of Alabama Press, 1974
Literary Polemics: Bataille, Sartre, Valéry, Breton By Suzanne Guerlac Stanford University Press, 1997
The Ghosts of Modernity By Jean-Michel Rebaté University Press of Florida, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Two "Andre Breton's Ghostly Stance"
Haunting Transcendence: The Strategy of Ghosts in Bataille and Breton By Johnson, Kendall Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 45, No. 3, Fall 1999
The Imagery of Surrealism By J. H. Matthews Syracuse University Press, 1977
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Andre Breton in multiple chapters
Toward the Poetics of Surrealism By J. H. Matthews Syracuse University Press, 1976
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Andre Breton in multiple chapters
Surrealism and the Exotic By Louise Tythacott Routledge, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Andre Breton in multiple chapters
Circles of Censorship: Censorship and Its Metaphors in French History, Literature, and Theory By Nicholas Harrison Clarendon Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "'Freudo-Sadisme': The Surrealists begins" on p. 139
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