Anna Akhmatova

Anna Akhmatova (än´nə əkhmä´təvə), pseud. of Anna Andreyevna Gorenko (əndrā´əvnə gôryĕng´kô), 1888–1966, Russian poet of the Acmeist school. Her brief lyrics, simply and musically written in the tradition of Pushkin, attained great popularity. Her themes were personal, emotional, and often ironic. Among her most popular volumes are Chiotki [the rosary] (1914) and Iva [the willow tree] (1940). She was married to the Acmeist poet Gumilev until 1918. Akhmatova remained silent for two decades. She began publishing again at the outbreak of World War II, after which her writings regained popularity. A courageous critic of Stalinism with a large underground following, she was harshly denounced by the Soviet regime in 1946 and 1957 for "bourgeois decadence."


See her Selected Poems (tr. 1969), Poems of Akhmatova (tr. 1973), and The Complete Poems of Anna Akhmatova (1990, in Russian and English translation); her autobiographical writings in My Half Century: Selected Prose (1992), ed. by R. Meyer; biographies by A. Haight (1976, repr. 1990), R. Reeder (1995) and E. Feinstein (2006); study by S. N. Driver (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Anna Akhmatova: Selected full-text books and articles

Poem without a Hero and Selected Poems By Anna Akhmatova; Lenore Mayhew; William McNaughton Oberlin College Press, 1989
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Anna Akhmatova: The Poet Who Buried Stalin By Lurie, Lev Russian Life, Vol. 47, No. 3, May-June 2004
A History of Women's Writing in Russia By Adele Marie Barker; Jehanne M. Gheith Cambridge University Press, 2002
The "Telling" Image: Ecphrasis in Russian Acmeist Verse By Rubins, Maria Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 31, No. 2, June 1998
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Anna Akhmatova, 'Mother Courage' of Poetry By Byelyakova, Yelena UNESCO Courier, April 1990
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