Arthur Hugh Clough

Arthur Hugh Clough (klŭf), 1819–61, English poet. He was educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford, where he became friends with Matthew Arnold. After graduation (1841) he was fellow and tutor of Oriel College until 1848 when he resigned. During the next few years he traveled on the Continent. In 1852, inspired by his friendship with Emerson, he went to Harvard and lectured. He pursued a civil service career until his health failed in 1860. His first published work, The Bothie of Toper-na-Vuolich, a narrative in hexameters, appeared in 1848, followed by Ambarvalia, a collection of lyrics, in 1849. His posthumous poems include "Amours de Voyage," the dialogues "Dypsichus," and the tales "Mari Magno." He is perhaps best known for the short lyric, "Say not the struggle naught availeth," and as the subject of Arnold's elegy, "Thyrsis." Skeptical, somewhat cynical, Clough was closer in spirit to the 20th cent. than to the 19th. His poetry reveals not only his doubts about religion and about himself but also his awareness of the social and intellectual problems of his day. Clough's sister, Anne Jemima Clough, 1820–92, was important as a leader in the education of women.

See his complete poems (ed. by H. F. Lowry et al., 1951); his letters (ed. by F. L. Mulhauser, 1974); biography by K. C. Chorley (1962); studies by W. E. Houghton (1963), E. B. Greenberger (1970), and R. K. Biswas (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Arthur Hugh Clough: Selected full-text books and articles

Arthur Hugh Clough By Isobel Armstrong Longmans, Green & Co., 1962
Why Clough? Why Now? By Ryan, Vanessa Victorian Poetry, Vol. 41, No. 4, Winter 2003
Lionel Johnson and Arthur Hugh Clough: An Ironic Debt? By Paterson, Gary H Victorian Poetry, Vol. 40, No. 3, Fall 2002
Spasmodic Poetics and Clough's Apostasies By LaPorte, Charles Victorian Poetry, Vol. 42, No. 4, Winter 2004
Where "Byron Used to Ride": Locating the Victorian Travel Poet in Clough's Amours De Voyage and Dipsychus By Kierstead, Christopher M Philological Quarterly, Vol. 77, No. 4, Fall 1998
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
FREE! Portraits of Friends By John Campbell Shairp Houghton Mifflin, 1889
Librarian's tip: "Arthur Hugh Clough" begins on p. 195
Florence Nightingale: An Introduction to Her Life and Family By Florence Nightingale; Lynn McDonald Wilfrid Laurier University Press, vol.1, 2001
Librarian's tip: "Blanche Smith, Arthur Hugh Clough and Arthur Clough" begins on p. 841
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