Elizabeth Bishop

Elizabeth Bishop, 1911–79, American poet, b. Worcester, Mass., grad. Vassar, 1934. During the 1950s and 60s she lived in Brazil, eventually returning to her native New England, where she taught at Harvard (1970–77). Her first volume of poetry, North and South (1946), was reprinted with additions as North and South—A Cold Spring (1955; Pulitzer Prize). Her poetic vision is penetrating and detached; her style is subtle yet conversational. Without straining for novelty, she finds symbolic significance in objects and events quietly observed and scrupulously described. Among her other works are Geography III (1976), Complete Poems (1979), and The Collected Prose (1984); several travel books, notably Questions of Travel (1965) and Brazil (1967); and Edgar Allan Poe & the Juke-Box: Uncollected Poems, Drafts and Fragments (2006). With Emanuel Brasil she edited An Anthology of Twentieth Century Brazilian Poetry (1972) and she also translated the works of several Brazilian poets.


See her Poems (2011) and Prose (2011); R. Giroux, ed., One Art: Letters (1994) and T. Travisano and S. Hamilton, ed., Words in Air: The Complete Correspondence between Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell (2008); biographies by A. Stevenson (1966), B. C. Millier (1993), and G. Fountain and P. Brazeau (1994); C. L. Oliveira, Rare and Commonplace Flowers: The Story of Elizabeth Bishop and Lota de Macedo Soares (2002); studies by R. D. Parker (1988), T. Travisano (1988), B. Costello (1991), L. Goldensohn (1992), C. Doreski (1993), S. McCabe (1994), M. M. Lombardi (1995), A. Colwell (1997), A. Stevenson (1998), X. Zhou (1999), P. Samuels (2010), and C. Toibin (2015).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Elizabeth Bishop: Selected full-text books and articles

The New Anthology of American Poetry By Steven Gould Axelrod; Camille Roman; Thomas Travisano Rutgers University Press, vol.3, 2012
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Remembering Elizabeth Bishop: An Oral Biography By Gary Fountain; Peter Brazeau University of Massachusetts Press, 1994
Elizabeth Bishop: The Art of Travel By Kim Fortuny University Press of Colorado, 2003
Elizabeth Bishop: The Restraints of Language By C. K. Doreski Oxford University Press, 1993
The Body and the Song: Elizabeth Bishop's Poetics By Marilyn May Lombardi Southern Illinois University Press, 1995
Brazil By Elizabeth Bishop Time, 1962
Stein, Bishop & Rich: Lyrics of Love, War & Place By Margaret Dickie University of North Carolina Press, 1997
From Maps to Monuments: Elizabeth Bishop's Shoreline Poems By Ellis, Jonathan Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 36, No. 4, December 2003
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Natural History and Epiphany: Elizabeth Bishop's Darwin Letter By Pickard, Zachariah Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 50, No. 3, Fall 2004
Modern Poetry after Modernism By James Longenbach Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Chap. Two "Elizabeth Bishop's Bramble Bushes" and Chap. Three "Elizabeth Bishop's Social Conscience"
American Women Writers, 1900-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook By Laurie Champion Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: "Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979)" begins on p. 25
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