Friedrich Holderlin

Hölderlin, Friedrich

Friedrich Hölderlin (frē´drĬkh höl´dərlĬn), 1770–1843, German lyric poet. Befriended and influenced by Schiller, Hölderlin produced, before the onset of insanity at 36, lofty yet subjective poetry, modeled on classic Greek verse. Little known outside Germany, he is highly regarded by critics and is generally considered to be a link between the classic and romantic schools. Besides lyrics (1820), he wrote an elegiac novel in prose, Hyperion (1797–99; tr. in Pierce and Schreiber, Fact and Fancy of German Romance, 1927), and a dramatic fragment, Der Tod des Empedokles (1799). Selections of his verse were translated by Christopher Middleton (1973) and Michael Hamburger (1980)

See studies by E. E. George ed.(1972), and R. Unger (1984).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Friedrich Holderlin: Selected full-text books and articles

Holderlin By David Constantine Clarendon Press, 1988
Hölderlin's Hymns "Germania" and "The Rhine" By Martin Heidegger; William McNeill; Julia Ireland Indiana University Press, 2014
Holderlin's Hymn "Remembrance" By Martin Heidegger; William McNeill; Julia Ireland Indiana University Press, 2018
Three Encounters with Germany: Goethe, Holderlin, Rilke By Ziegler, Heide The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 24, No. 3, Fall 2004
The Space of Literature By Maurice Blanchot; Ann Smock University of Nebraska Press, 1982
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