Gabriela Mistral

Gabriela Mistral (gäbrēā´lä mēsträl´), 1889–1957, Chilean poet whose original name was Lucila Godoy Alcayaga. She was a teacher in and director of rural schools in Chile before she attained wider acclaim as an educator. Mistral was noted for her revision of the Mexican school system under José Vasconcelos. Subsequently, she served as Chilean consul in various European and Latin American cities and represented her country at the League of Nations and the United Nations. The mystery of childbearing, the sorrow of a tragic love, and a burning desire for justice are recurrent themes of her fluent and lyric verse. The early Sonetos de la muerte [sonnets of death] (1915) is considered one of her finest achievements. Desolación (1922), Tala (1938), and Lagar (1954) are three of her major volumes. Selected Poems, translated by Langston Hughes, was published in 1957. In 1945, Mistral received the Nobel Prize in Literature, the first Latin American to be so honored.

See studies by M. C. Preston (1964) and M. C. Taylor (1968).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Gabriela Mistral: Selected full-text books and articles

Selected Prose and Prose-Poems By Gabriela Mistral; Stephen Tapscott; Stephen Tapscott University of Texas Press, 2002
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
This America of Ours: The Letters of Gabriela Mistral and Victoria Ocampo By Gabriela Mistral; Victoria Ocampo; Elizabeth Horan; Doris Meyer; Elizabeth Horan; Doris Meyer University of Texas Press, 2003
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Teacher from the Valley of Elqui By Gazarian-Gautier, Marie-Lise The World and I, Vol. 14, No. 10, October 1999
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