Hermann Hesse

Hermann Hesse (hĕr´män hĕs´ə), 1877–1962, German novelist and poet. A pacifist, he went to Switzerland at the outbreak of World War I and became (1923) a Swiss citizen. The spiritual loneliness of the artist and his estrangement from the modern world are recurring themes in Hesse's works. His novels, increasingly psychoanalytic and symbolic, include Peter Camenzind (1904, tr. 1961), Unterm Rad (1906, tr. Beneath the Wheel, 1968), Rosshalde (1914, tr. 1970), and Demian (1919, tr. 1923, 1958). One of his most famous and most complex novels, Steppenwolf (1927, tr. 1929, 1963), treats the dual nature of humanity. This theme is also pursued in Narziss und Goldmund (1930, tr. Death and the Lover, 1932; Narcissus and Goldmund, 1968).

Among his other works are Das Glasperlenspiel (1943, tr. The Glass Bead Game, 1970) and Siddhartha (1922, tr. 1951), a novella reflecting Hesse's interest in Asian mysticism. The gentle, lyric quality of Hesse's prose is shared by the wistful, lamenting verse of his Gedichte (1922, tr. Poems, 1970) and Trost der Nacht (1929). His essays are collected in Betrachtungen (1928) and Krieg und Frieden (1946, tr. If the War Goes on… , 1970). Hesse was awarded the 1946 Nobel Prize in Literature.


See his Wandering (autobiographical notes, tr. 1972); studies by R. Rose (1965), T. Ziolowski (1965 and 1966), M. Boulby (1967), G. W. Field (1972), J. Mileck (1978), R. Freedman (1979), and E. L. Stelzig (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Hermann Hesse: Selected full-text books and articles

Steppenwolf By Hermann Hesse; Thomas Wayne Algora, 2010
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature By Thomas Reed Whissen Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: Discussion of "Demian" begins on p. 74, discussion of "Siddhartha" begins on p. 207 and discussion of "Steppenwolf" begins on p. 230
Poststructuralism, Politics, and Education By Michael Peters Bergin & Garvey, 1996
Librarian's tip: Chap. 9 "Cybernetics, Cyberspace, and the University: Hermann Hesse's The Glass Bead Game and the Dream of a Universal Language"
Dostoevski and the Human Condition after a Century By Alexej Ugrinsky; Frank S. Lambasa; Valija K. Ozolins Greenwood Press, 1986
Librarian's tip: Chap. 18 "Rebirth and the Cognitive Dream: From Dostoevski to Hermann Hesse and C. G. Jung"
The Prometheus Syndrome By Bettina L. Knapp Whitston, 1979
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "Hermann Hesse: Demian and Steppenwolf: From Inflation to Alienation (1877-1962)"
The Germanic Mosaic: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Society By Carol Aisha Blackshire-Belay Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: Chap. 30 "Homosexual Identity (Misin)Formation in Hesse's Demian"
The Radical Appeal of Hermann Hesse's Alternative Community By Wilde, Lawrence Utopian Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1, Winter 1999
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Significance of the Epiphany in der Steppenwolf By Fickert, Kurt J International Fiction Review, Vol. 29, No. 1-2, January 2002
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Essays in German and Comparative Literature By Oskar Seidlin University of North Carolina Press, 1961
Librarian's tip: "Hermann Hesse: The Exorcism of the Demon" begins on p. 203
After Innocence: Visions of the Fall in Modern Literature By Terry Otten University of Pittsburgh Press, 1982
Librarian's tip: "Demian by Hermann Hesse" begins on p. 96
Memories of the Moderns By Harry Levin New Directions, 1982
Librarian's tip: "Travelling Companions: Hermann Hesse and Thomas Mann" begins on p. 73
German Men of Letters By Alex Natan Oswald Wolff, vol.2, 1963
Librarian's tip: "Hermann Hesse" begins on p. 249
Writers and Philosophers: A Sourcebook of Philosophical Influences on Literature By Edmund J. Thomas; Eugene G. Miller Greenwood Press, 1990
Librarian's tip: "Hesse, Hermann" begins on p. 88
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