Mahmoud Darwish

Mahmoud Darwish, 1941–2008, widely considered the Palestinian national poet, b. Barwa, Palestine (now in Israel). He was born to middle-class Sunni Muslim farmers, who were displaced when soldiers from the newly formed state of Israel occupied (and later destroyed) his village. A Communist, Darwish attended university in Moscow for a year (1970), and in 1972 settled in Beirut. There he became an editor for a Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) monthly journal and in 1975 was named director of the group's research center. When the PLO was expelled from Beirut (1982), Darwish settled in Cyprus and the following year he won the USSR's Stalin Peace Prize. Named to the PLO executive committee in 1987, he wrote the Palestinian declaration of independent statehood in 1988, but resigned from PLO leadership in 1993 in opposition to the Oslo accords and thereafter moved away from political life. In 1996 the poet settled in Ramallah in the West Bank, where he published Al Karmel, a journal featuring the work of young Arab writers.

Written in classical Arabic, many of Darwish's lyrical yet searing verses evoke a lost and Edenic Palestine of the mind; others reveal the realities of everyday life in contemporary Palestine. In powerfully precise poetic language, he describes the longings of his people and the sorrows of dispossession and exile, and reflects on the human condition. Some of his poetry has been translated into English, including the volumes A Letter from Exile (1970), The Music of Human Flesh (1980), Sand (1986), Psalms (1994), The Adam of Two Edens (2000), Unfortunately, It Was Paradise (2003), The Butterfly's Burden (2007), and If I Were Another (2009).

See his autobiographical Journal of an Ordinary Grief (1973, tr. 2010); studies by A. Månsson (2003) and H. Khamis Nassar and N. Rahman, ed. (2007).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Mahmoud Darwish: Selected full-text books and articles

Unfortunately, It Was Paradise: Selected Poems By Mahmoud Darwish; Carolyn Forché; Carolyn Forché; Munir Akash; Munir Akash University of California Press, 2013
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Memory for Forgetfulness: August, Beirut, 1982 By Mahmoud Darwish; Ibrahim Muhawi University of California Press, 2013
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Mahmoud Darwish's Lyric Epic By Joudah, Fady Human Architecture, Vol. 7, January 1, 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"What Shall We Do without Exile?": Said and Darwish Address the Future By Butler, Judith Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, No. 32, Annual 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Geography of Poetry: Mahmoud Darwish and Postnational Identity By Mena, Erica Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, Vol. 7, December 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Voice of a Country of Called 'Forgetfulness': Mahmoud Darwish as Edward Said's "Amateur" By Sazzad, Rehnuma Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, Vol. 11, No. 1, Fall 2013
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Darwish's Essentialist Poetics in a State of Siege By Sylvain, Patrick Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, Vol. 7, December 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Mahmoud Darwish: 1942-2008 By Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ), Vol. 30, No. 4, Fall 2008
The Poet Is Dead: Mahmoud Darwish (1942-2008) By Khankan, Nathalie Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Vol. 27, No. 8, November 2008
Mahmoud Darwish: Palestine's Poet of Exile By Handal, Nathalie The Progressive, Vol. 66, No. 5, May 2002
Editor's Note: Mahmoud Darwish's Parting Gift By Tamdgidi, Mohammad H Human Architecture, Vol. 7, January 1, 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.