Robert Creeley

Robert Creeley, 1926–2005, American poet, b. Arlington, Mass. He lived in Asia, Europe, and Latin America and taught at various universities in the United States. With Charles Olson, he was a leading member of the Black Mountain school of poetry and for a time (1954–57) was editor of the Black Mountain Review. Creeley's poems have an effect of purity and elegance, with their combination of emotional directness and reticence, their conversational tone, brevity of development, and spare lyricism. His works include the poetry of Pieces (1969), Selected Poems (1976), Memory Gardens (1986), Echoes (1994), Life & Death (1998), Just in Time (2001), and the posthumously published On Earth (2006), and a novel, The Island (1963). Creeley was also a short-story writer and essayist. In addition, from the 1960s on he collaborated on a variety of projects with such artists as Robert Indiana, Georg Baselitz, R. B. Kitaj, Alex Katz, and Susan Rothenberg. Creeley's collected poems were published in 1982 and 1998 and his collected prose in 1984.

See his Autobiography (1990); correspondence with Charles Olson, ed. by G. F. Butterick (8 vol., 1980–87); correspondence with Irving Layton, ed. by E. Faas and S. Reed (1990); studies by A. Mandel (1974), C. D. Edelberg (1978), A. L. Ford (1978), J. Wilson, ed. (1987), T. Clark (1993), A. Cappellazzo and E. Licata, ed. (1999), and L. Rifkin (2000).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Robert Creeley: Selected full-text books and articles

The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley By Robert Creeley University of California Press, 2006
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Robert Creeley By Twitchell-Waas, Jeffrey The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 24, No. 2, Summer 2004
A Usable Past: Essays on Modern & Contemporary Poetry By Paul Mariani University of Massachusetts Press, 1984
The Sullen Art By David Ossman Corinth Books, 1963
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
The Poet in Robert Creeley's Prose By Stephens, Michael The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 1995
Testing Language: Robert Creeley's Fiction By Gunn, Douglas The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 1995
Robert Creeley: In Conversation By Comens, Bruce The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 1995
Awake to Particulars: The Prose of Robert Creeley By Barone, Dennis The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 1995
Ending in Ellipsis, the Sea in Our Ears: Robert Creeley's 'The Island.' By Taggart, John The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 1995
"Dancing Edgeways": Robert Creeley's Role in Denise Levertov's Post-War Transition By Hollenberg, Donna Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature, Vol. 58, No. 1, Fall 2005
Acts of Mind: Conversations with Contemporary Poets By Richard Jackson University of Alabama Press, 1983
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
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