Ted Hughes

Ted Hughes (Edward James Hughes), 1930–98, English poet, b. Mytholmyroyd, Yorkshire, studied Cambridge. Hughes's best poetry focuses on the unsentimental within nature. His poems are marked by controlled diction and style, which create a sense of order and meaning in violent or passionate natural events, often in the world of animals, frequently mingled with myth. His volumes of poetry include The Hawk in the Rain (1957), Lupercal (1960), Wodwo (1967), Crow (1971), Gaudete (1977), Moortown (1980, 1989), River (1984), and Wolfwatching (1991). From 1984 until his death Hughes was poet laureate of England. He also wrote fiction, plays, stories for children, and essays, e. g., those included in the large collection Winter Pollen (1995). In addition, he edited a number of books and translated such authors as Ovid (1997) and Aeschylus, Euripides, Seneca, and Racine (all: 1999). Hughes was married (1956–63) to the American poet Sylvia Plath; he explored their complex relationship in Birthday Letters (1998), his last book of verse.

See C. Reid, ed., Letters of Ted Hughes (2008); biographies by E. Feinstein (2002) and J. Bate (2015); J. Malcolm, The Silent Woman: Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes (1994); E. Tennant, Burnt Diaries (2001); E. Wagner, Ariel's Gift: Ted Hughes, Sylvia Plath, and the Story of Birthday Letters (2001); D. Midddlebrook, Her Husband: Hughes and Plath—A Marriage (2003); studies by K. Sagar, ed. (1975, 1983, 1994, and 2000), C. Robinson (1989), A. E. Dyson (1990), N. Bishop (1991), L. M. Scigaj (1992), P. Bentley (1998), and N. Gammage, ed. (1999).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Ted Hughes: Selected full-text books and articles

Ted Hughes By Terry Gifford Routledge, 2009
The Laughter of Foxes: A Study of Ted Hughes By Keith Sagar Liverpool University Press, 2000
The Earth-Owl and Other Moon-People By Ted Hughes Faber and Faber, 1963
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Ted Hughes and Schopenhauer: The Poetry of the Will By Eddins, Dwight Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 45, No. 1, Spring 1999
Contemporary British Poetry: Essays in Theory and Criticism By James Acheson; Romana Huk State University of New York Press, 1996
Librarian's tip: Chap. Six "From Myth into History: The Later Poetry of Thom Gunn and Ted Hughes"
Broken English/Breaking English: A Study of Contemporary Poetries in English By Rob Jackaman Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003
Librarian's tip: "Sylvia Plath (and Ted Hughes): A Question of Size" begins on p. 70
Poems in Their Place: The Intertextuality and Order of Poetic Collections By Neil Fraistat University of North Carolina Press, 1986
Librarian's tip: "The Two Ariels: The (Re)Making of the Sylvia Plath Canon" begins on p. 308
The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry in English By Ian Hamilton Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian's tip: "Hughes, Ted" begins on p. 241
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