Erik Satie

Erik Satie (ārēk´ sätē´), 1866–1925, French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory; pupil of Vincent D'Indy and Albert Roussel at the Schola Cantorum. He early realized that the romantic Wagnerian style was incompatible with the expression of French sensibility, and he developed a restrained, abstract, and deceptively simple style. In such piano pieces as Sarabandes (1887) and Gymnopédies (1888) he anticipated some of the harmonic innovations of the impressionists Debussy and Ravel; but in later works such as Socrate (1918; a setting of Plato's Dialogues for four sopranos and chamber orchestra) he foreshadowed the neoclassicism of Stravinsky and others writing in the early 20th cent. An eccentric, Satie often concealed his serious artistic intent with droll humor, adding nonsense programs or facetious titles such as Three Pieces in the Shape of a Pear (1903). In 1918 there gathered around him a group of young composers—Honegger, Georges Auric, Louis Durey, and Germaine Tailleferre—who were united in the reaction against impressionism. They were joined in 1919 by Milhaud and Poulenc, and were called les six. A ballet, Les Mariés de la tour Eiffel (1921), which had music by all except Durey, was the one work in which the group collaborated. Jean Cocteau, their literary prophet, wrote the scenario.

See biographies by P. D. Templier (1932, repr. 1970), R. H. Myers (1948, repr. 1974), and J. Harding (1975).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Erik Satie: Selected full-text books and articles

Satie the Bohemian: From Cabaret to Concert Hall By Steven Moore Whiting Oxford University Press, 1999
Erik Satie: Eccentric, Revolutionary, Utterly Unique By Quantrill, Peter Gramophone, Vol. 94, No. 1136, June 2016
Erik Satie's Socrate (1918), Myths of Marsyas, and Un Style Depouille By Dorf, Samuel N Current Musicology, No. 98, Fall 2014
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Erik Satie's Poetry By Dayan, Peter The Modern Language Review, Vol. 103, No. 2, April 2008
Postmodern Interpretations of Satie's Parade By Albright, Daniel Canadian University Music Review, Vol. 22, No. 1, January 1, 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Musico-Poetic Form in Satie's "Humoristic" Piano Suites (1913-14) By Gillmor, Alan M Canadian University Music Review, Vol. 8, January 1, 1987
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A History of Modern Music By Paul Collaer; Sally Abeles World, 1961
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Erik Satie and the Six"
The New Oxford History of Music By Martin Cooper Oxford University Press, vol.10, 1974
Librarian's tip: "Erik Satie and 'Les Six'" begins on p. 236
Music and the Silent Film: Contexts and Case Studies, 1895-1924 By Martin Miller Marks Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian's tip: Chap. Five "Erik Satie's Score for Entr'acte"
Musical Trends in the 20th Century By Norman Demuth Rockliff Publishing, 1975
Librarian's tip: Chap. Two "Erik Satie (1866-1925)"
Music of the Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde: A Biocritical Sourcebook By Larry Sitsky Greenwood Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: "Erik Satie (1866-1925)" begins on p. 425
Composers on Composers By John L. Holmes Greenwood Press, 1990
Librarian's tip: "Erik Satie (1866-1925)" begins on p. 124
French Cultural Politics & Music: From the Dreyfus Affair to the First World War By Jane F. Fulcher Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Satie's Creative Politics" begins on p. 194
The Great Parade: Cocteau, Picasso, Satie, Massine, Diaghilev - and T.S. Eliot By Hargrove, Nancy D Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 31, No. 1, March 1998
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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