Antonin Dvorak

Dvořák, Antonín

Antonín Dvořák (än´tônēn dvôr´zhäk), 1841–1904, Czech composer. He studied at the Organ School, Prague (1857–59) and played viola in the National Theater Orchestra (1861–71) under Smetana. With the performance (1873) of his Hymnus he attracted wide attention. In 1884 he went to England to conduct some of his works and eight years later moved on to the United States. While director (1892–94) of the National Conservatory, New York, he composed his most famous work, the Symphony in E Minor, Op. 95, From the New World (1893). It conveys with great exuberance Dvořák's impressions of American scenes and folk music and at the same time evokes nostalgia for his native land. After his return to Prague he was professor and director of the conservatory there. He drew freely on Czech folk music and materials in his works, which are outstanding for their rhythmic variety, melodic invention, and brilliant instrumentation. They include nine symphonies (two published posthumously), as well as symphonic poems, concertos, overtures, string quartets and other chamber music, operas, songs, choral works (mostly religious), and some piano pieces, notable for their freshness of romantic imagination.

See biographical studies by G. Hughes (1967), J. Clapham (1966), V. Fischl, ed. (1943, repr. 1970), and M. B. Beckerman (2002).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Antonin Dvorak: Selected full-text books and articles

Anton Dvořák By Paul Stefan; Y. W. Vance Greystone Press, 1941
Dvořák By Alec Robertson J.M. Dent and Sons Ltd., 1947
Dvořák, Cello Concerto By Jan Smaczny Cambridge University Press, 1999
Rethinking Dvořák: Views from Five Countries By David R. Beveridge Oxford University, 1996
The World of Great Composers By David Ewen Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1962
Librarian's tip: Includes a chapter on Antonin Dvorak
Composers on Composers By John L. Holmes Greenwood Press, 1990
Conductors on Composers By John L. Holmes Greenwood Press, 1993
The Book of Musical Documents By Paul Nettl Philosophical Library, 1948
Librarian's tip: Includes "A Polite Hint: Johannes Brahms Accepts Dvorak's Dedication and Suggests More Accuracy"
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