Gordon Craig (Edward Gordon Craig)

Craig, Edward Gordon

Edward Gordon Craig, 1872–1966, English scene designer, producer, and actor. The son of Ellen Terry, Gordon Craig began acting with Henry Irving's Lyceum company (1885–97). Feeling that the realism in vogue was too limiting, he turned to scene design and developed new theories. He strove for the poetic and suggestive in his designs in order to capture the essential spirit of the play. His ideas gave new freedom to scene design, although many were impractical in execution. Among his notable productions were The Vikings and Much Ado about Nothing (both in 1903 for Ellen Terry) and Hamlet (with the Moscow Art Theatre in 1912). At Florence, Italy, he founded (1913) the Gordon Craig School for the Art of the Theatre; he also edited a magazine, The Mask (1908–29). He wrote On the Art of the Theatre (1911, rev. ed. 1957), The Theatre Advancing (1921), Scene (1923), and biographies of Henry Irving (1930) and Ellen Terry (1931).

See his memoirs (1957); biographies by his son Edward Craig (1968) and by C. Innes (1983); I. Eynat-Confino, Beyond the Mask: Edward Gordon Craig, Movement, and the Actor (1987); M. Holroyd, A Strange Eventful History (2009).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Gordon Craig (Edward Gordon Craig): Selected full-text books and articles

FREE! On the Art of the Theatre By Edward Gordon Craig William Heinemann, 1911
FREE! The Theatre--Advancing By Edward Gordon Craig Little, Brown & Company, 1919
Henry Irving By Edward Gordon Craig Longmans, Green and Co., 1930
Beyond the Mask: Gordon Craig, Movement, and the Actor By Irène Eynat-Confino Southern Illinois University Press, 1987
Directors on Directing: A Source Book of the Modern Theater By Toby Cole; Helen Krich Chinoy Bobbs-Merrill, 1963 (Revised edition)
Librarian's tip: "Gordon Craig" begins on p. 147
The Director and the Stage: From Naturalism to Grotowski By Edward Braun Holmes & Meier, 1982
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Edward Gordon Craig"
Stage Decoration By Sheldon Cheney The John Day Company, 1928
Librarian's tip: Chap. VII "Visions of a Different Theatre: Craig and Appia"
Puppets and "Popular" Culture By Scott Cutler Shershow Cornell University Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Edward Gordon Craig begins on p. 194
Twentieth-Century Theatre: A Sourcebook By Richard Drain Routledge, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Gordon Craig"
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