Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) is a quarterly professional journal published and owned by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (AAHPERD). Its editorial headquarters is in Reston, Va. This journal has been published since 1930. Offering the latest research in the art and science of human movement studies, RQES features articles and research notes encompassing such topic areas as biomechanics, epidemiology, motor behavior, measurement and evaluation, physiology, pedagogy, psychology and history/philosophy/sociocultural foundations. This journal is a go-to source for researchers and university students preparing for careers in exercise and sport science. Its region is the U.S. The journal publishes over 50 papers per year in four issues (March, June, September and December), an annual index (in the December issue) and an annual supplement, containing approximately 250 abstracts of presentations from the Research Consortium Conference of the AAHPERD National Convention and Exposition. In March 2005, RQES featured an article titled "Listening to the Voices: The Experiences of African American Female Student Athletes." Using data collected at a large Midwestern University, the study looked at the sport participation patterns of 12 African American female collegiate student athletes. In December 2006, RQES researched active and passive commuting to school to assess the effects walking farther to school had on primary school age kids. In June 2009, the journal included an article that explored whether adults involved in resistance training programs experienced and perceived changes in physical self-worth. Linda Topper is the Managing Editor and Publisher and Mark G. Fischman is Editor-in-Chief.

Articles from Vol. 67, No. 2, June

African American Women Olympians: The Impact of Race, Gender, and Class Ideologies, 1932-1968
The story of the rise to dominance of African American women in U.S. Olympic women's track and field competition is one that has suffered from relative invisibility in the sports pages and in the history books.(1) This invisibility is all the more deplorable...
A House Divided: The U.S. Amateur Sport Establishment and the Issue of Participation in the 1936 Berlin Olympics
I am glad that you got Mahoney's scalp.(1) William May Garland, I.O.C. Member (U.S.) William May Garland's blunt assessment of one of the most controversial administrative meetings in the history of U.S. amateur sport typified the rhetoric and emotion...
Exercise versus Heart Attack: Questioning the Consensus?
We, all of us-fellow investigators, practitioners, teachers, and students alike - are indebted to Blair and Connelly (1996) for a model review. Their analysis updates Powell, Thompson, Caspersen, and Kendrick (1987) in its authoritative statement of...
How Much Physical Activity Do We Need to Maintain Health and Prevent Disease? Different Diseases-Different Mechanisms
As we change from an occupationally active society to one that is occupationally sedentary, we are faced with the question asked by Blair and Connelly (1996): "How much physical activity should we do?" Epidemiological studies provide data to evaluate...
How Much Physical Activity Is Optimal for Health? Methodological Considerations
Almost 60% of all U.S. adults today engage in no physical activity or only irregular physical activity (Siegel, et al., 1991) despite ample evidence that higher levels of physical activity and fitness are associated with decreased risk of chronic diseases,...
How Much Physical Activity Should We Do? the Case for Moderate Amounts and Intensities of Physical Activity
Research on the health and functional effects of habitual physical activity over the past 50 years follows two principal themes. Since the early work of Morris and Crawford (1958) on the role of physical inactivity in the development of coronary artery...
On the Structural Origins of Olympic Individuality
With the human sciences again caught up in hand wringing over the Western "structure versus agency" antinomy, it is worth recalling that historical inquiry into particular cases has its own way of clarifying theoretical fusses. Take for example the presently...
Optimal Length for Summary Knowledge of Results: The Influence of Task-Related Experience and Complexity
Feedback describing a performer's success at a given task is a critically important factor in performance and learning (e.g., Adams, 1987; Bilodeau, 1966; Salmoni, Schmidt, & Walter, 1984). Understandably then, the relationship between feedback and...
Physical Activity for a Healthy Life
The article by Blair and Connelly (1966) asks a challenging question: "How much physical activity should we do?" Further they specify "the case for moderate amounts and intensifies of physical activity." In the abstract of their article, they spell out...
Pierre De Coubertin's Olympic Exploration of Modernism, 1894-1914: Aesthetics, Ideology and the Spectacle
The Olympic idea is in our view the conception of a strong physical culture based in part on the spirit of chivalry, which you so attractively call "fair play," and in part on an aesthetic idea, the cult of beauty and grace.(1) Pierre de Coubertin,...
Relationship between a 14-Day Recall Measure of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and a Submaximal Test of Physical Work Capacity in a Population Sample of Australian Adults
Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is also associated with increased risk of other health problems (Blair, Kohl, Gordon, & Paffenbarger, 1992). A method for accurately measuring participation in physical...
Resistance, Persistence, Providence: The 1932 Los Angeles Olympic Games in Perspective
On the afternoon of 30 July 1932, the City of Los Angeles opened the Games of the Tenth Olympiad. This festival, in the eyes of many historians, came the closest to reflecting Baron Pierre de Coubertin's vision of peace, joy, and unity through sport....
The IOC and the Status of Women in the Olympic Movement: 1972-1996
Assessments of women's status in the Olympic Movement have become a staple of sports studies literature. The enduring attraction of the topic stems from the magnitude of the Olympic Games, the symbolic significance that the general public and scholars...
The Modern Olympic Games: New Interpretations and Perspectives
In this centennial year of the modern Olympic Games, the RQES recognizes and pays tribute to the Olympic movement and its legacy with this special feature. The seeds of this feature were sown during the preparation of the Brown & Benchmark Heritage...
The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire: Construct Equivalence and Mean Differences across Gender
Identifying individual differences in achievement goal orientation has been a major research interest in the sport psychology literature (Duda, 1992; Weiss & Chaumeton, 1992). However, analysis of the individual differences in mean levels of goal...