Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) is a quarterly professional journal published and owned by the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (AAHPERD). Its editorial headquarters is in Reston, Va. This journal has been published since 1930. Offering the latest research in the art and science of human movement studies, RQES features articles and research notes encompassing such topic areas as biomechanics, epidemiology, motor behavior, measurement and evaluation, physiology, pedagogy, psychology and history/philosophy/sociocultural foundations. This journal is a go-to source for researchers and university students preparing for careers in exercise and sport science. Its region is the U.S. The journal publishes over 50 papers per year in four issues (March, June, September and December), an annual index (in the December issue) and an annual supplement, containing approximately 250 abstracts of presentations from the Research Consortium Conference of the AAHPERD National Convention and Exposition. In March 2005, RQES featured an article titled "Listening to the Voices: The Experiences of African American Female Student Athletes." Using data collected at a large Midwestern University, the study looked at the sport participation patterns of 12 African American female collegiate student athletes. In December 2006, RQES researched active and passive commuting to school to assess the effects walking farther to school had on primary school age kids. In June 2009, the journal included an article that explored whether adults involved in resistance training programs experienced and perceived changes in physical self-worth. Linda Topper is the Managing Editor and Publisher and Mark G. Fischman is Editor-in-Chief.

Articles from Vol. 83, No. 4, December

A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Life Orientation Test-Revised with Competitive Athletes
Current revers outside of sport indicate that the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) items load on two separate factors (optimism and pessimism) and, therefore, should be treated as independent constructs. However researchers in the sport sciences...
Adolescents' Self-Efficacy to Overcome Barriers to Physical Activity Scale
This paper describes a revised measure of self-efficacy to overcome barriers to moderate and vigorous physical activity in a sample of 484 high school students in Toronto, Ontario. The students had a mean age of 15.3 years. Principal axis factoring...
Attentional Patterns Involved in Coping Strategies in a Sport Context
We investigated the relationship between coping strategies and attentional bias after a sport competition. We administered the Ways of Coping Checklist (Paulhan, Nuissier, Quintard, Cousson, & Bourgeois, 1994) to 145 athletes immediately after...
Effect of a Periodized Power Training Program on the Functional Performances and Contractile Properties of the Quadriceps in Sprinters
Our purpose was to compare the effect of a periodized preparation consisting of power endurance training and high-intensity power training on the contractile properties of the quadriceps muscle and functional performances in well trained male sprinters...
Gymnastic Judges Benefit from Their Own Motor Experience as Gymnasts
Gyymnastic judges have the difficult task of evaluating highly complex skills. My purpose in the current study was to examine evidence that judges use tha'r sensorimotor experiences to enhance their perceptual judgments. In a video test, 58judges rated...
Heart Rate Variability: Effect of Exercise Intensity on Postexercise Response
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of two exercise intensities (moderate and severe) on heart rate variability (HRV) response in 16 runners 1 hr prior to (-1 hr) and at + 1 hr, +24 hr, +48 hr, and + 72 hr following each...
Historical Perspective and Current Status of the Physical Education Graduation Requirement at American 4-Year Colleges and Universities
This study gives an overview of the history of required physical education in America's 4-year colleges and universities and provides an update on the requirement status. After randomly identifying 354 institutions, we searched their respective websites...
Including Overweight or Obese Students in Physical Education: A Social Ecological Constraint Model
In this review, we propose a social ecological constraint model to study inclusion of overweight or obese students in physical education by integrating key concepts and assumptions from ecological constraint theory in motor development and social ecological...
Meet Our New Editor-in-Chief
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) is pleased to welcome Weimo Zhu as its new editor-in-chief. Zhu is a professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. An internationally...
On the Demise of the Backlog and Other Reflections on the State of RQES
In this, my last editorial as editor-in-chief of the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES), it is a good time to reflect on the past 3-plus years, which have been challenging, academically stimulating, and, for the most part, very gratifying....
Physical Activity and Pregnancy: Past and Present Evidence and Future Recommendations
Purpose. In this review, we provide researchers and practitioners with an overview of the physical activity and pregnancy literature to promote prenatal physical activity, improve measurement, further elucidate the role of activity in reducing maternal...
Predictive Role of Physical Education Motivation: The Developmental Trajectories of Physical Activity during Grades 7-9
In this study we examined adolescents'physical activity (PA) stability as well as individual differences in PA across grades 7-9. In addition, we tested the predictive role of adolescents' self-determination and goal orientations in physical education...
Tennis Shoes Required: The Role of the Facilitator in Professional Development
Reform efforts to improve physical education often rely on facilitators to promote positive change. Although it is becoming more common, little is currently understood about the facilitation role. Our purpose was to examine facilitators' collective...
The Relation of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Chronic Lapses of Attention
We assessed the extent to which failures in sustained attention were associated with chronic mild traumatic brain injury. (m TBI) deficits in cognitive control among college-age young adults with and without a history of sport-related concussion. Participants...
The Relationship between Physical Activity and Thermal Protective Clothing on Functional Balance in Firefighters
We investigated the relationship between baseline physical training and the use of firefighting thermal protective clothing (TPC) with breathing apparatus on functional balance. Twenty-three male firefighters performed a functional balance test under...
Trends in No Leisure-Time Physical Activity-United States, 1988-2010
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine trends in the prevalence of no leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) from 1988 to 2010. Method: Using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, 35 states and the District of Columbia reported...
Weighing in on NBC's the Biggest Loser, Governmentality and Self-Concept on the Scale
Previous analyses (i.e., Bernstein & St. John, 2006; Sender & Sullivan, 2008) of the television show The Biggest Loser have detailed its negative presentation of the obese body, potential consequences for viewers, and its role as a technology...