Research-Technology Management

Magazine for managers of research, development, and technology implementation.

Articles from Vol. 46, No. 4, July-August

24/7 or out? (the Human Side)
The following hypothetical human resources issue has, like so many of its ilk, no "correct" solution. To help your colleagues deal with such a situation, please tell us how you would resolve it. We'll print as many as space permits. The Editor "Al"...
At Nokia Temperament Is a Core Competence. (Corporate Strategy)
In just over a decade, Finland's Nokia Corp. has transformed itself into the world's largest supplier of high-tech mobile phones, creating along the way an innovative and entrepreneurial culture almost unparalleled in the telecommunications sector....
Beyond the Molecular Frontier: Challenges for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Committee on Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century, National Research Council; 240 pp., $27.96 (paper) from National Academies Press, 500 Fifth St., NW Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055, or www.nap.edu Research in the chemical...
Biomedical Cluster Blossoms in Scandinavia. (Perspectives: News and Views of the Current Research Technology Management Scene)
In a unique example of international scientific cooperation, adjacent regions of two Scandinavian countries have combined to create a potentially powerful cluster of biomedical institutions. The seven-year-old concept, called Medicon Valley, brings...
Biotech Industry Grows in India. (Perspectives: News and Views of the Current Research Technology Management Scene)
India has had a conventional biotechnology industry for decades but modern biotechnology is rather new to the country. In 1997, India's total biotech market was valued at US $500 million but by 2002 it had grown to an estimated $1.8 billion, according...
IBM's Evolving Research Strategy: Over 50 Years, the Injunction to Shrink the "Distance" from Technical Innovation to Business Innovation as Much as Possible Has Been a Consistent Guide
The IBM Research Division is a corporate asset of unmatched value, attracting some of the best technical talent in the information technology industry to our eight worldwide laboratories. The management team's mission is to channel the best research...
Innovation Is Top Priority-Again. (Perspectives: News and Views of the Current Research Technology Management Scene)
When Kathryn Troy embarked on her business innovation study for The Conference Board one year ago, she was surprised at the disinterest among the executives she contacted. But by now attitudes have changed dramatically. Her preliminary findings reveal...
Making Research Collaborations Succeed. (Managers at Work)
Despite the boom in alliance formation over the past decade, at least half reportedly failed to meet their participants' objectives. In this article, I offer some perspectives on how to improve the probability of success for a specific kind of alliance:...
Purchasing Joins the NPD Team: More Companies Are Integrating Purchasing into New Product Development. Will It Work for You?
With firms under pressure to reduce costs and improve product quality, the role of purchasing is evolving from simply buying a product or service to sourcing it. Fortune 500 firms such as DaimlerChrysler (1) have positioned the purchasing function...
Pursuing Innovation in a Big Organization: A Recently-Retired Research Director Reflects on the Lessons He Learned from His Years in Industry
The question, "How many R&D groups does it take to get innovation in a large organization?" is reminiscent of the old riddle, "How many psychiatrists does it take to change a light bulb?" The answer, in both cases, is one. Of course, the light...
Sustaining Venture Creation from Industrial Laboratories: The Evolution of Lucent's New Ventures Group into a Partnership with Private Equity Capital Suppliers Offers a New Route to Corporate Innovation
In an earlier article, we described an innovative model for creating corporate ventures out of industrial research laboratories at Lucent Technologies (1). Since that article, tremendous changes have occurred in the telecommunications market, within...
The Changing Landscape of Leadership. (One Point of View)
Over the past 20 years, corporate leaders have come to a thorough understanding and implementation of the dynamics of effective team activities. Drawing upon countless books, workshops, seminars, and academic studies, they have made teams and their...
The Chief Technology Officer: Strategic Responsibilities and Relationships: Today's CTO Is Expected to Contribute Technology Expertise to Business Strategies-Not to Create Independent Research Labs and Strategies That Are Only Loosely Coupled to the Company's Profit Engine
In the 1950s and 1960s, many large corporations established beautiful research laboratories at locations remote from their headquarters and manufacturing facilities. The goal was to collect brilliant scientists and allow them to study relevant topics...
Turn Diversity to Your Advantage: R&D Organizations That Aspire to Recruit the Best and Brightest Cannot Afford to Ignore Any Portion of the Talent Pool. Here's What a Number of IRI Companies Are Doing
Women and minorities are significantly underrepresented in the science and engineering (S&E) workforce. For example, women represented only about 23 percent of the S&E workforce in 1997 (1). The under-representation is particularly acute in...
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