Research-Technology Management

Magazine for managers of research, development, and technology implementation.

Articles from Vol. 58, No. 3, May-June

Big Demand for Big Data Scientists in Europe
Long before the term "big data" emerged, Europe already had a pioneer in the field--Alan Turing, the British mathematician who broke Nazi Germany's Enigma code and is widely viewed as the father of modern computing and algorithms. Now, the European...
Changing Culture through Visionary Thinking: Applying the DARPA Hard Test for Innovation
Changing an accepted organizational culture can feel like rolling rocks uphill. It can seem impossible to escape the inertia built up over decades of accrued behavior and entrenched beliefs. Yet an evolving, dynamic culture is critical to success in...
Changing the Culture of R&D
Whether it's open innovation, portfolio management, or customer-centered innovation, implementing any new innovation framework often means changing an organization's culture. This special issue focuses on the underlying issues that frequently lead...
Confronting Culture Clash: Building a New Consensus at Hewlett-Packard: HP Achieved Long-Running Success through Repeated Self-Transformations; the Story of Its Most Seismic Shift Offers Useful Lessons in Managing Radical Organizational Change
Corporate transitions, whether to a new industry or business model or to a new innovation process, often reveal the fissures in an organization's culture, and create a need for culture change. Hewlett-Packard (HP) has ample experience with this: the...
Creating a Culture of Productivity and Collaborative Innovation: Orion's R&D Transformation: Faced with the Need to Improve Productivity, Orion's R&D Group Built a New Culture of Productivity and Collaborative Innovation through Incremental Initiatives and a Comprehensive Reorganization
In 2007, the pharmaceutical R&D group at Finland's Orion Corporation had reached a crossroads. Its product pipeline was almost bare despite significant investment over the past decade. To make matters worse, a fundamental shift was taking place...
Creating Cultural Change in a 115-Year-Old R&D Organization: Over a Five-Year Period, Timken R&D Worked to Improve the Speed and Quality of Its Decisions and Its Alignment with the Business
For almost 100 years, the Timken Company's R&D organization focused on one product category: tapered roller bearings. In 1898, Henry Timken patented a tapered roller-bearing assembly that revolutionized freight-wagon axles. A century later, over...
Designing for Change
As the articles in this special issue illustrate, successful culture change can remake a company's fortunes. It's often easy to determine that cultural change is needed. A platform is burning, a market is shrinking, customers are disappearing, the...
Electric Utilities and Energy Market Innovations
Through most of the 20th century, the power utility playbook was pretty simple: grow and build. Utility companies built ever-bigger generating plants while encouraging customers to buy more appliances that used more electricity. Electricity rates fell,...
Killing the Official Future
We all know the future is important to our professions, our organizations, and our personal lives. Many of us are fascinated by emerging social trends, technology and research breakthroughs, or industry news. But as compelling as these glimpses into...
Light-Touch Management with Social Media: Jason Crusan: As Director of NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems Division, Jason Crusan Takes an Open Approach to Managing the Projects That Will Deliver the Next Generation of Human Spaceflight Capability
I'm Director for Advanced Exploration Systems at NASA. Our job is to develop next-generation capabilities for human spaceflight. We build things like habitation systems, life support systems, and spacesuits. The group is 500 or 600 people, and we spend...
Open Innovation at NASA: A New Business Model for Advancing Human Health and Performance Innovations: NASA's HH&P Directorate Reshaped Its Culture through a Systematic, Stepwise Process
In 2005, NASA's human research and technology development program, which provides resources to the Human Health and Performance Directorate (HH&P) at the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC), experienced a 45 percent reduction in its budget. While the...
Quantum Dots: Beyond Solar Cells
True to the predictions of Moore's Law, the next big thing in technology is infinitesimal. Rapidly evolving semiconductor technologies have reduced the size of the chips that drive most modern devices, delivering continually increasing power and functionality...
Questions and Answers from IRI's Members
What are IRI members talking about? These questions were recently posed on IRI's Community Forum. Q: How do you evaluate the return on R&D investment? How do you evaluate the return on R&D investment (R&D expense and capital)? What...
The Big Data-Driven Business: How to Use Big Data to Win Customers, Beat Competitors, and Boost Profits
The Big Data-Driven Business: How to Use Big Data to Win Customers, Beat Competitors, and Boost Profits Russell Glass and Sean Callahan (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2014) Although big data has become a pervasive buzzword, few businesses...
The Challenges of Ambidextrous Leadership: An Interview with Michael Tushman
Michael Tushman talks with Jim Euchner about the challenges of managing breakthrough innovation in established companies. Breakthrough innovation in established companies is particularly difficult, in part because breakthrough innovation requires...
Woods Hole Sees Future in the "Blue Economy"
The US economy may be on the upswing, but one segment of the R&D enterprise--nonprofit research institutes--shows little evidence of sharing in that improvement. Many face serious declines in their budgets as a result of cuts in federal funding...
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