North American Journal of Psychology

Articles from Vol. 14, No. 2, June

Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior as It Relates to Eating Disorders and Body Satisfaction
A relatively limited amount of theory-driven research has been conducted on the detection of eating disorders. Ajzen's theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been employed to predict behaviors in individuals, especially in the health field (1991). The...
An Interview with Ruth Perednik: Treating Selective Mutism
NAJP: Ruth, how did you first get involved in treating selective mutism? RP: About twenty years ago my son, then four years old, stopped speaking in kindergarten. We had just moved from Argentina to Israel, and my son was confronted with new surroundings...
A Qualitative Analysis of Grandparents' Expressions of Affection for Their Young Adult Grandchildren
During a personal introduction speech in a basic communication course, one student revealed a tattoo on his right shoulder and stated: "I got this tattoo in honor of my grandparents who mean a lot to me." The student proceeded to explain that his grandparents...
Auditory Feedback Effects in Word Identification
Our cognitive systems are fallible and prone to making all sorts of errors: slips of the tongue, miscalculations, typographic errors, and so on. The ability to monitor and compensate for these errors is essential for our daily functioning. Detecting...
Bullying Behaviors and Attachment Styles
About half of adolescents report that they have either bullied their peers or been victims of bullying (Gaul, 2010; U.S. Department of Education, 2010). Bullying is typically defined as repeated relational or physical aggression directed to one or...
Care Reasoning in Interpersonal Relationships: Cognition about Moral Obligation and Personal Choice
Care, interpersonal responsibilities, or helping have been regarded by some developmentalists as supererogatory matters that unlike justice do not have a fully moral status (i.e., prescriptivity and generalizability (Kohlberg, 1981; Nunner-Winkler,...
Cognitive Ability and Celebrity Worship Revisited
Social critic O. E. Klapp (1962) made the observation that in America real heroes have been replaced by celebrities. Klapp described celebrities as persons who are not much better than average in ability. He berated the media for de-emphasizing the...
Color and Saturation Effects on Perception: The Hermann Grid
The Hermann Grid is a visual illusion developed in 1870 by Ludimar Hermann. The traditional layout of the grid consists of black squares superimposed on a white background in a grid formation (Figure 1). Most people report seeing a fuzzy dot (also...
Do You Love Me, Too? Perceptions of Responses to I Love You
Saying I love you to a romantic partner for the first time in a new relationship is a terrifying moment that exposes the initiator to vulnerability and can sway the balance of power within the relationship. However, this moment can also be terrifying...
Object Appearance and Scene Viewpoint Cannot Be Recognized in Conjunction
Humans possess a remarkable ability to recognize previously viewed pictures. In the most dramatic demonstrations of this ability, observers study thousands of pictures and are later able to discriminate studied from non-studied pictures on the basis...
Pessimistic Attributional Style and Cardiac Symptom Experiences: Self-Efficacy as a Mediator
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States (Roger et al., 2011). It is estimated that one American dies from CVD every 39 seconds, and that 33.6% of deaths in 2007 were attributable to CVD. Currently, the American...
Pornography Actors: A Qualitative Analysis of Motivations and Dislikes
Issues regarding the production and consumption of pornographic materials continue to be an intensely debated social topic. As with most controversial topics, there are fervent advocates on both sides of the debate regarding the effects or non-effects...
The Effect of Imagery Instruction on Memory
For centuries, different methods have been used in an attempt to enhance memory (Yates, 1966). Techniques such as visual aids, mnemonic devices, and visualization methods have been thought to facilitate memory. One proposed approach to aid memory is...
The Immediate Effects of Sugar Consumption on Females' Satisfaction with Weight and Shape
In today's society, women in Westernized cultures are often preoccupied with dieting and weight (Contento, Bach, & Zybert, 2003; Keel, 2005). For women, the internalization of the thinness ideal contributes to high levels of dissatisfaction with...
Undergraduate College Students' Perceptions of Psychologists
Attitudes represent a strong foundation for a person's perception of reality. The present study explored attitudes regarding mental health professionals and, more specifically, psychologists. Previous studies have focused on the perception of mental...
Workplace Gender Bias: Not Just between Strangers
There is a growing disconnect between academic research on gender bias and workplace examinations of gender based discrimination (Landy, 2008). Gender stereotypes are often most salient when evaluating strangers, and a substantial body of literature...

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