North American Journal of Psychology

Articles from Vol. 10, No. 1, March

An Interview with Theodore Millon: Theodore Millon
Theodore Millon is one of the best known individuals in the field of clinical test construction. His Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III is one of the most widely used tests in existence today. He has a number of other highly specialized tests...
A Test of Dovidio and Gaertner's Integrated Model of Racism
Politically liberal and conservative White Americans were asked to evaluate a legal case in which a police officer was acquitted of assault charges against a motorist in state court but then retried in federal court. When the initiator of the assault...
Birth Order and Romantic Relationship Styles and Attitudes in College Students
This study examined the relations between birth order and romantic relationship attitudes and styles. Birth order position (oldest, middle, youngest, only) was predicted to influence how participants behave and think in relationships. One hundred male...
Brief Report: A Simple Stimulus for Student Writing and Learning in the Introductory Psychology Course
This paper explores the efficacy of using familiar quotations and summary writing in introductory psychology lectures. I began lectures in my introductory psychology class with quotations from Bartleby.com, an online version of Bartlett's Familiar...
Brief Report: The Effects of Women's Cosmetics on Men's Approach: An Evaluation in a Bar
It has been found that cosmetics do improve female facial attractiveness when judgments were made based on photographs. Furthermore, these were laboratory studies and no field study exists in the literature. An experiment carried out in a field context...
Conceptualizing Craving: Extrapolations from Consciousness Studies
The key definitional elements of the concept of craving remain highly contentious amongst addiction researchers. We argue that attempts to operationalize the craving construct may benefit from the conceptual and methodological advances that have occurred...
Ensemble Weakening and Behavior Generalization
Context dependent memory predicts better performance of a learned behavior when contextual cues remain consistent from practice to test, compared to that when the cues are changed. Several theories attribute this to the formation of a bond between...
Eyewitness Racial Attitudes and Perpetrator Identification: The Lineup Method Matters
Studies asking witnesses to identify perpetrators from photo lineups have usually found that witness racial prejudice is unrelated to perpetrator identification accuracy. However, these studies obtained identifications from a photoarray in which photos...
Forgiveness of Sexual Cheating in Romantic Relationships: Effects of Discovery Method, Frequency of Offense, and Presence of Apology
In this study, participants (n = 196) read a vignette about an imaginary romantic partner cheating on them by having sex with another person and responded to a series of questions assessing variables associated with forgiveness. Method of discovering...
Incorporating Expressive Writing Theory into the Use of Autobiographies in an Abnormal Psychology Course
In addition to lectures and discussions on mental disorders, this abnormal psychology course incorporated an overview of the literature on the therapeutic value of expressive writing. Students read, discussed, and wrote about four full-length autobiographies...
Personality as a Predictor of Teamwork: A Business Simulator Study
Personnel selection and placement systems are concerned with identifying valid predictors of team performance. This study attempted to identify variables that would predict team performance. Specifically, 78 college students worked in 10 long-standing...
Self-Efficacy, Metacognition, and Performance
This study examined the relationships among self-efficacy, metacognition, and performance. Regression analysis showed that the relationship between self-efficacy and performance was not mediated by metacognition. However, another analysis showed that...
Student Perception of Coercion to Participate in Psychological Research
A common setting for psychological research is a university campus, with college students serving as the participants. Ethical issues have been raised about how coercive recruitment procedures or course requirements could appear to be to the students...
Taste Enhancement of Alcohol under 'Masking' Conditions, and Some Limits to Stevens' Power Law
This study examined whether the perceived strength of alcohol solutions is masked by the presence of additional tastants. In Experiment 1, forty subjects made direct magnitude estimates of the concentration of vodka when mixed with water, sweetened...
The Differential Impact of Mothers' and Fathers' Discipline on Preschool Children's Home and Classroom Behavior
This study explored the relationship between mothers' and fathers' discipline, as well as their disagreement on discipline, with externalizing behaviors of preschool children in the home and classroom. Parents and teachers of 39 preschool children...
The Effect of Shamanic-Like Stimulus Conditions and the Cognitive-Perceptual Factor of Schizotypy on Phenomenology
Shamanism has remained an integral part of indigenous healing rituals since ancient times and is currently attracting interest as a complementary therapeutic technique in psychology. Recently, shamanic-like techniques have been used to facilitate changes...
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