North American Journal of Psychology

Articles from Vol. 8, No. 1, March-April

An Interview with Amy Gabel about the WISC-IV
Dr. Amy Gabel is a Clinical Measurement Consultant who earned her Ph.D. and M.S. in school psychology from The Pennsylvania State University. As a licensed school psychologist in Virginia, she specialized in the comprehensive evaluation of preschool...
Attachment Style and Interpersonal Difficulties in Immigrants with Coronary Heart Disease
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interpersonal factors and immigration in the development and management of coronary heart disease (CHD). In a cross-sectional design, three groups matched on age and gender were compared on attachment...
Conditional Reasoning in the Context of Strategy Development in the Logical Deduction Game 'Mastermind'
Deductive performance does not seem to improve with practice, but deduction has typically been studied in isolation from other cognitive processes whose concurrent operation could also help conditional reasoning improve. Two experiments considered...
Couple Type, Parental Status, and the Mediating Impact of Social Support
Current western society is fast-paced and achievement oriented for the individual. In order for individuals to function fully within such society, they must succumb to fulfilling multiple roles, from parent to lover to worker. While occupying multiple...
Developmental Changes in Adolescents' Guilt and Shame: The Role of Family Climate and Gender
To explore the relationship between family closeness and self-conscious emotions (i.e., guilt, shame) across adolescence, eighth-grade, tenth-grade, and first-semester college students completed a demographics questionnaire, the Test of Self-Conscious...
Development of a General Measure of Individuals' Recognition of Their Self-Perception Processes
Self-perception theory (Bem, 1972) states that people come to know themselves by observing their own behaviors. This study resulted in a scale to measure self-perception processes in individuals. Statements about one's observation and definition of...
Exposure to Male Models in Advertisements Leads to a Decrease in Men's Body Satisfaction
This study was designed to examine the effect of exposure to male models in advertisements on men's body satisfaction. Participants were 173 college males that were recruited from introductory psychology courses. Participants were assessed using the...
Fear of Negative Evaluation Affects Helping Behavior: The Bystander Effect Revisited
The effect of shyness and fear of negative evaluation (FNE) on helping behavior was examined. Eighty-three students participated in the experiment. Their individual shyness, FNE, and self-monitoring scores were collected prior to participation. During...
Food Intake among African American Girls and Diet-Related Risks
Statistics today indicate a 45% increase in diet-related problems, especially among African American (AA) children. Evidence of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and early sexual maturation among AA girls warrants an investigation of their food...
Gender Differences in Attitudes about Fat
This study tests the hypotheses that women internalize the societal value of thinness by showing body dissatisfaction and food restriction while men externalize by showing a dislike of fat people. In comparing 53 male and 142 female college students,...
Gender Differences in Helping in Six U.S. Cities
A total of 324 participants were observed with respect to gender differences in helping behavior. In six U.S. cities an experimenter (either male or female) dropped a pen in front of a target person. Sex of participant and helping behavior were recorded....
Guilt and Shame in Japan: Data Provided by the Thematic Apperception Test in Experimental Settings
This article focuses on an analysis of forty-eight Thematic Apperception Test stories produced by Japanese university students. In order to investigate how the emotions of guilt and shame might influence the accuracy of polygraph testing, the TAT was...
If at First You Don't Succeed: Effects of Failure on General and Task-Specific Self-Efficacy and Performance
This study explored the impact that failing a specific cognitive task had on self-efficacy and future task performance. Participants were 60 university students (15 men, 45 women) ranging in age from 18 to 45. Failure was induced in the experimental...
Interviewers' Ratings of Data Quality in Household Telephone Surveys
Data quality is assessed in many ways, including level of error, effects of the interviewer, how the instrument itself impacts the type and quality of data collected, and how respondents' cognitive and motivational abilities affect their answers. One...
Organization of Partner Knowledge, Its Effect on Passion, and the Mediating Effect of Idealization
This study examined the cognitive and attitudinal predictors of passion in individuals (N = 82) involved in a dating relationship. The study found that how people cognitively organize the content of partner knowledge (integrated vs. compartmentalized)...
Psychological Factors Affecting Pilots' Decisions to Navigate in Deteriorating Weather
Poor pilot decision-making in deteriorating weather is the leading cause of a significant percentage of fatalities arising from aviation accidents in the last two decades. Research has identified psychological factors underlying pilot decision strategies...
Rejection of Christianity and Self-Esteem
A sample of 279 13- to 16-year-old secondary school pupils in Wales completed the Rejection of Christianity Scale and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. After controlling for sex differences a small but significant correlation was found between...
Repressive Coping Style and Substance Use among College Students
The repressive coping style (self-reported low anxiety and high defensiveness) is associated with the development of serious diseases (e.g., heart failure), as indicated in many studies. However, few studies have explored the relationships between...
The Marital Disillusionment Scale: Development and Psychometric Properties
Recent research identified disillusionment in marriage as an important predictor of divorce, but no scale exists to measure this construct. This article describes the development of the Marital Disillusionment Scale and its psychometric properties....
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.