UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 4, December

A Call against Arms: The Small Arms Conference
War today does not have to be high-tech. Jet bombers or fighters armed with stealth technology and smart bombs need not fly overhead. Armoured tanks and personnel carriers, night vision goggles and global positioning technology are all "nonessential"....
After the Prize, No Resting on Laurels: 'Not More Technical or Feasibility Studies'
Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the United Nations staff have won this year's Nobel Peace Prize, but it is not enough, as Mr. Annan remarked, for the Organization to rest on its laurels. It also needs to continue to look at how to create a shared...
`A Smooth and Representative Election Process'. (Independence of East Timor)
East Timor's peaceful transition towards independence has been an impressive success story for the United Nations. On 30 August 2001, exactly two years after it had voted for independence in a UN-sponsored popular referendum, East Timor held its first-ever...
Catalyzing Economic Activity
Water is our most precious and indispensable natural resource. In many parts of the developing world, clean water can be a scarce resource, while in rural areas water supply is a major problem. Nestle in South Africa has worked with many community-based...
Crocodiles Prove No Bad Omen. (Field Watch)
For much of the international press, living on a diet of violence and bloodshed as they do, the 30 August Constituent Assembly elections in East Timor must have been a bit of a let-down. It was ever so peaceful. But the polling was big news nonetheless,...
Essential to the World, Essential to My Country
Perspectives: After the Soviet Union Following the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ten years ago, its constituent republics joined the United Nations as newly independent States. The USSR was an original member of the world...
From the Birthplace of Passive Resistance, a Call for Tolerance. (Durban Conference against Racism)
The World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance ended in Durban, South Africa, with a call for the international community to eradicate those scourges. Durban: where Gandhi began his movement of passive...
From the Secretary-General: 'How Would Hammarskjold Have Handled This?'
It will not surprise you to hear that Dag Hammarskjold is a figure of great importance to me--as he must be for any SECRETARY-GENERAL. His life and his death, his words and his action, have done more to shape public expectations of the office, and...
Innovative Alliances with the United Nations. (Partnerships)
In 1997, philanthropist Ted Turner announced he would give $1 billion to support United Nations causes. In the four years since that historic announcement, the United Nations Foundation (UNF) and its sister organization--the Better World Fund (BWF)--have...
Millennium Summit Road Map. (Goals & Target)
Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day. Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger....
Moorings: The World of United Nations Peoples; Disarmament Exhibit Steals Centre Stage
In August, staff member Thomas Cortijo and I passed the ivory carving of the Chengtu-Kunming railroad, winding through mountains and connecting the surrounding provinces, on display at the United Nations. The gift from China mesmerized him. "This is...
Networking with Cisco Systems: 'Central to the Mission of UNDP'
Cisco Systems, Inc., a global leader in networking for the Internet, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) jointly launched the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Initiative at the G-8 Summit in July 2000. Since the announcement of the...
New Hope for Restricting Certain Conventional Weapons
The coverage of conventional weapons in multilateral treaties is considered by many to be less extensive than that of weapons of mass destruction. Yet, casualties in recent conflicts have been caused overwhelmingly by conventional weapons. The 1980...
New Transitional Government. (PeaceWatch: Burundi)
Calling it a defining moment in the history of Burundi, Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 1 November hailed the inauguration of the country's transitional government as an event that demonstrated the ability of Africans to find solutions to the continents...
One Fourth of a Nation Lost
Belarus was one of the founding Member States of the United Nations, perceived by its founding fathers as a guarantor for both small and large nations, irrespective of the level of their economic development and military might, to defend them based...
Other Peacekeeping-Related Matters
Bougainville: Hailing the political agreement between the Government of Papua New Guinea and leaders from the island of Bougainville, the Secretary-General on 30 August urged combatants to turn in their weapons and clear the way for post-conflict peace-building...
Peace Plan Endorsed. (PeaceWatch: Afghanistan)
The Security Council on 14 November endorsed a United Nations plan for a political solution to the situation in Afghanistan. It unanimously adopted a resolution reaffirming that the United Nations should play a "central role" in supporting the attempts...
Peace Process Funding Needed. (PeaceWatch: Sierra Leone)
Noting a number of positive political developments in Sierra Leone, the Security Council on 8 November urged international funding to bolster the country's efforts to achieve peace. Citing steps being taken to transform the rebel Revolutionary United...
Should UN Day Be an International Public Holiday? (Opinion)
At the end of the twentieth century, the world and the United Nations found themselves in deep trouble. Secretary-General Kofi Annan emerges as a positive, optimistic thinker and negotiator, whose total energy is devoted to the implementation of his...
Strengthening the UN-US Relationship the Better World Campaign
In March 2000, the Board of Directors of the Better World Fund (BWF), under the leadership of its Chairman, Ted Turner, extended the life of the BETTER WORLD CAMPAIGN (BWC) by renewing its grant for two years. This allows BWC to continue its work to...
The Chronicle Interview
Mechai Viravaidya, who was in New York to attend the 54th Annual Conference for Non-Governmental Organizations associated with the United Nations Department of Public Information, is a social activist, government planner and NGO leader. He is Chairman...
The Norwegian Nobel Committee. (Citation)
The Nobel Peace Prize 2001 THE NORWEGIAN NOBEL COMMITTEE has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2001, in two equal portions, to the United Nations (U.N.) and to its Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, for their work for a better organized and...
The Security Council, Human Rights and Humanitarian Issues. (Thinking Aloud)
There has been much discussion of the actual or potential role of the SECURITY COUNCIL in dealing with humanitarian emergencies and situations of gross violations of human rights. This essay draws on its practice, with a view to offering a distillation...
The Special Committee on Decolonization. (System Watch)
The Special Committee on decolonization--formally known as the Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples--held a seminar from 23 to 25 May...
The Third Most Powerful Nuclear Arsenal Renounced
From the moment of achieving independence, Ukraine has shown itself as a predictable and peace-loving member of the international community. Having clearly defined its priorities in foreign policy, Ukraine continues to adhere to them purposefully and...
The United Nations Responds: In the Wake of September 11
ICAO The Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) concluded its 33rd session on 5 October in Montreal, Canada with the adoption of specific resolutions to increase the safety and security of international civil aviation....
Towards an Active and Visible Policy. (Women in Peacekeeping)
The Security Council on 31 October met to consider the item on women, peace and security, exactly one year after the Council adopted resolution 1325 (2000), calling on all actors involved in negotiating and implementing peace agreements to adopt gender...
Towards Johannesburg. (Essay)
"If national governments are basically unilateral in their attitudes towards global problems, anarchy will prevail over international governance and what should be our global village may turn into a global jungle." -Gro Harlem Brundtland, addressing...
UN Guides Receive New Italian Designer Outfits. (Passing By)
Long considered the Organization's "ambassadors to the public", there are currently 60 tour guides representing 31 nationalities in the United Nations. The guides are now seen in their stylish new look since United Nations Day (24 October) by the tens...
UNITA Attacks Condemned. (PeaceWatch: Angola)
The Security Council on 20 September condemned "in the strongest terms" the terrorist attacks by UNITA forces on the civilian population of Angola, and said it would maintain sanctions against them until they met the conditions laid out in its resolutions....
Withdrawal from Palestinian Areas Urged. (PeaceWatch: Middle East)
The Security Council on 26 October called on Israel to immediately withdraw its forces from Palestinian-controlled areas. It said it "fully supported the important diplomatic initiatives to deescalate the situation on the ground", and "strongly supported"...
Women as Victims and Resolvers of Hunger. (Guest Column)
Women, especially in the Angolan society, are one of the main victims of hunger, not only because they constitute the majority of the population, but also due to the special circumstances in which their society finds itself as a result of the direct...

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