UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 1, March-May

'A New Management Tool for Decision-Making'. (Resources)
More than two and a half years in development and after a decade of planning, the UN Atlas of the Oceans represents the most ambitious global scientific information collaboration ever online, and an international consensus-building tool that is expected...
A Veterinarian's Fight against Leishmaniasis. (Two Million New Cases Each Year)
Even though the world's diverse nations had united more than half a century ago, the pace of dissemination of technology is crawling. Today, a word can echo all around the universe through satellites, yet a simple parasitic disease goes untreated in...
Brining Home Globalization or Globalization, Home; Second Committee: Economic and Financial. (GA 57 Session)
Three UN conferences held in 2001 and 2002 left in their wake commitments on development. The Second (Economic and Financial) Committee, in discussing these commitments, marked a turning point in deciding how to measure them against the internationally...
Challenging Stereotypes. (Film in Africa, Africa in Film)
To make a film means to be a producer, requiring a combination of the art and technique of film narration and the tricks of finance. Being a producer is also about giving adequate answers to questions that underlie the desire and reasons for producing:...
Cloning Concerns; the Criminal Court; Sixth Committee: Legal. (GA 57 Session)
In a key debate with implications for the future of human medicine, the Sixth (Legal) Committee grappled with the potential misuse of medical technology to produce human clones. The proposal for an international agreement to place a series of checks...
Creating Collaborative Hubs within, and among, the United Nations. (Networks)
Traditional resource management strategies for poverty alleviation are often not effective for complex systems problems. In the twentieth century, the United States spent over $400 billion on massive water-engineering projects; internationally, this...
Financing the Future; Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary. (GA 57 Session)
The Fifth (Administrative and Budgetary) Committee considers any action of the General Assembly that necessitates a budget, and is the "bank" authorizing other Main Committees to draw their cheques. Sometimes, resolutions call for expenses unforeseen...
Halve the Proportion of People without Safe Drinking Water. (FieldWatch)
Karoli: The dry and arid plains of Eastern Rajasthan are only a few hours' drive from India's capital Delhi. As you ride on the spanking new highway, the green trees start to give way to parched brown ground, and in the heat of the summer you can almost...
Hardship at Home, Hardship Abroad the Migration 'System' Doesn't Work
In less than twenty years, the number of international migrants has more than doubled. Currently, 175 million people reside in a country where they were not born, most of whom are in Europe (56 million), Asia (50 million) and North America (41 million)--astonishing...
HIV in the CIS. (HealthWatch)
The AIDS epidemic is spreading rapidly across Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) experiencing the world's fastest-growing infection rate. Approximately I million people in the region are...
In Afghanistan, Tackling Leishmaniasis-And Narcotics
Decades of civil war in Afghanistan have destroyed much of its infrastructure. At the same time, neglected but treatable diseases have taken hold throughout this long history of conflict and defeated the efforts of doctors and clinics to bring them...
International Year of Freshwater: A Viewpoint from Central Asia. (Guest Column)
Water is one of the basic necessities of human life arid a key component of development. It is major resource for food production, for improving the well-being of society and for maintaining economic growth. Water is necessary for the normal functioning...
Inventing the Future in International Telecommunications. (Mission Statement)
More than a century has passed since the work of Guglielmo Marconi and Alexander Graham Bell created the era of modern communications. While their inventions spurred profound changes to the scientific, social and economic development of the past century,...
It Is Not as If Somebody Said There Would Be No Miracle. (First Person)
I was born and brought up in a wealthy and educated family. My father is a military pilot, my mother a teacher. Thanks to my mother, the atmosphere at home was always calm and easy, and my father could often find some interesting activities and entertainment...
Making Human Dignity Violations Proof; Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian and Cultural. (GA 57 Session)
Packing a punch for an better world, the Third (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) Committee, after ten years of negotiations, gave shape to a global system of inspections of places of detention to prevent torture of prisoners. The mechanism enables...
'More Crop per Drop'. (PopulationWatch)
Intensification of water scarcity is an unpleasant reality in many emerging economies of the world. However, the causes of water scarcity sometimes differ. Research at the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) suggests that tackling water...
'Multilateral Agenda Needs to Be Energized'; First Committee: Disarmament and International Security. (GA 57 Session)
In his latest reports on the work of the Organization and on the implementation of the UN Millennium Declaration, the Secretary-General states that global military spending exceeds $800 billion a year, and the pace towards the elimination of weapons...
NEPAD: Making Individual Bests a Continental Norm. (SystemWatch)
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is the most important advance in development thinking for Africa in the past forty years. Why? Because it provides leadership: that leadership assures ownership; and that ownership changes the rules...
NEPAD: Negotiating for Africa's Development. (Conference Room Paper)
In November last year, after "difficult" negotiations, the General Assembly endorsed a programme for Africa's development. Vikram Sura of the UN Chronicle reports on the negotiations and the key people behind them. Henri Raubenheimer flipped through...
No One Can Say We Were Not Warned. (Thinking Aloud)
Shortages of fresh water are nothing new. Arid and semi-arid regions have always been short of water, and much of the rest of the world suffers periodically when expected rainfall is either inadequate or irregular. What is new is the extent of the...
'Nothing Is Closer Than Tomorrow'. (DevelopmentWatch)
History has witnessed many examples where a shortage of water suitable for drinking and irrigation resulted in clashes between people and States, and quite often many thousands of people were forced to abandon their territories because of water problems....
Of Conflict, and Post-Conflict, Situations; Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization. (GA 57 Session)
"Draw your own conclusions", remarked the representative of Zambia in the Fourth (Special Political and Decolonization) Committee, Brigadier General John N. Musonda. "During the cold war, there was one UN peacekeeping mission to Africa", he said....
'On a Butterfly's Wings'. (GA 57 Session)
Even as developments within the Security Council often overshadowed results from other areas of the United Nations, the catalogue of world affairs in the fifty-seventh General Assembly, whose regular session concluded in December 2002, showed a marked...
'Only a Collective, Multilateral Approach Can Make the World a Safer Place'. (from the Secretary-General)
Today, the human family faces a time of acute anxiety. There is deep unease about escalating violence in the Middle East, nuclear proliferation and the possibility of new terror attacks. And of course, there is a great anxiety, in this country and...
Soft Power Approach. (NGOWatch)
Michel Rocard, Co-President of the recently established International Ethical, Political and Scientific Collegium and Chairman of the Administrative Board of the Association for the Collegium (www.Collegium-International.org), is a former Prime Minister...
So Many Affected. (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
As of mid-2002, a total of 2.27 million people had been displaced in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and there were 346,000 refugees from Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan and other neighbouring...
The Chronicle Interview
ASHOK KHOSLA has for more than three decades promoted alternatives for sustainable development and protection of the environment. He holds a Ph.D. in experimental physics from Harvard University, where he also taught courses on the environment. A founding...
The Road to Iraq's Disarmament. (PeaceWatch)
As the UN Chronicle went to press, three months had passed since the Security Council adopted resolution 1441 (2000) on 8 November 2002, authorizing the return of United Nations weapons inspectors to Iraq. On 27 November, the United Nations teams began...
Transcending Medical Limitations
According to United Nations figures, approximately 10 per cent of the world population suffers from .one or some form of disability. Eighty-five per cent of those people are concentrated in developing countries that are fighting poverty, war and disease....
UN Chronicle
Few phrases have seen as much citation as the resolve in the United Nations Charter to "save succeeding generations from the scourge of war", and the Organization, from its inception, has legitimately been seen as a needed securer of the peace, whether...
Untreated Sewage Threatens Seas, Coastal Population. (Risks)
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) called for Governments to back wastewater emission targets as a key step towards cleaning up the world's seas and reducing the number of people at risk of disease because of lack of access to basic sanitation...
What Can the United Nations Do to Preserve and Promote Freshwater Resources? (Opinion)
Having studied in a comparative and historic manner the water policies of States members of the European Union, I'm not fully qualified to give any clear-cut answer to such a vast question. However, I think that the European experience has been overlooked...
Who Should Lead Our Anti-Terrorism Efforts? (UN Conventional: A Point of View)
In his address to the United Nations General Assembly on 12 September 2002, President George Bush of the United States challenged the world Organization to prove its relevancy. One way to do this would be to ratchet up immediately its response to the...
Why All the Fuss? (the Global Compact)
The two largest global development gatherings of 2002-the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, Brazil and the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa-focused considerable attention on the issue of public-private partnerships,...
Wiping out the Harsh Statistics. (Moorings)
"What if I don't understand something?" My nine-year-old niece, Cristina, had agreed to watch with me the PBS broadcast, Kofi Annan: Center of the Storm. "Just ask me", I encouraged. The ninety-minute television biography, which aired on 7 January...
'Women Go Global'-New CD-ROM Makes Its Debut. (Passing By)
A new CD-ROM, entitled "Women Go Global" and produced by the UN Division for the Advancement of Women, has made its debut. The interactive, multimedia production provides a graphic account of the legitimization process of the global feminist movement...
World Summit on Nobel Peace Laureates. (Reflections)
The view from the balcony of the Campidoglio, overlooking the ruins of the Roman Forum, provides a good perspective on the war culture of the modern age. Not even the might of the Roman Empire could prevent its collapse; yet, the human spirit soared...
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