UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 2, June

Afghanistan: Peace Accord Welcomed
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 9 March welcomed the signing in Islamabad on 7 March of the Afghan Peace Accord. The comprehensive Accord states that Afghanistan President Burhanuddin Rabbani would remain in office for another 18 months,...
Angola: Immediate Cease-Fire Demanded throughout the Country
In the face of what UN officials described as a "very bleak" situation in Angola, the security Council on 12 March strongly demanded an immediate cease-fire throughout the country and the resumption without delay or preconditions of a meaningful dialogue...
Assessing Social Welfare: A Mixed Success
Improving the social welfare of mankind has seen mixed success in recent years, according to the 1993 Report on the World Social Situation. Prepared every four years by the UN Department of Economic and Social Development, it provides a background...
Cambodia: Voter Registration a Success; Cease-Fire Violations Continue
The UN peace-keeping operation in Cambodia chalked up both successes and disappointments as it entered its second year, completing massive voter registration and repatriation processes despite ongoing cease-fire violations and demobilization problems....
Central America: UN to Verify 1994 Elections in El Salvador; Truth Commission Report Issued
The Security Council on 9 February welcomed with satisfaction El Salvador's request that the UN verify the general elections in that country in March 1994. However, in a statement issued following consultations (S/25257), it expressed concern that...
Conference 'Back on Centre Stage.' (United Nations Conference on Disarmament)(includes Related Article on Disarmament Machinery at the United Nations)
Ad hoc committees on a nuclear-test ban, prevention of an arms race in outer space, effective international arrangements to assure security for nonnuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, and transparency in armaments...
Conserving Heritage: Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights
For centuries, cultural artifacts have been stolen from indigenous people, sold and displayed in violation of their beliefs. Similarly, medicinal plants developed over thousands of years by traditional healers have reaped big earnings in the pharmaceutical...
'Culture of Political Tolerance' Needed in South Africa
"Apartheid must be dead and buried by the end of the year", Ibrahim Gambari of Nigeria, Chairman of the Special Committee against Apartheid, said in a 19 March interview with UN Radio. Having visited South Africa as head of a five-member fact-finding...
Cyprus: Joint Negotiations Resume
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 30 March met jointly in New York with the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities--new Cyprus President Glafkos Clerides and His Excellency Rauf Denktash, respectively--to discuss the...
Decolonization: Work 'Not over Yet.' (United Nations Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples)
Although the achievements of the UN in the field of decolonization over the last 30 years are "known and acknowledged the world over", they must not be taken for granted, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali told the Special Committee on the Situation...
Draft Declarations against Violence Approved by Commission
A draft declaration on the elimination of violence against women was unanimously approved by the Commission on the Status of Women at its thirty-seventh session (17-26 March, Vienna). It was among 13 resolutions approved by the 45-member Commission...
Draft Rules on Disability Aim to Equalize Opportunities
The Commission for Social Development has proposed draft standard rules to assist States in equalizing opportunities for people with disabilities. The new rules on disability, to be formally adopted by the General Assembly, would give disabled people...
Former Soviet Republics: UN Interim Offices Promote Transition
United Nations interim offices in seven former Soviet republics are facilitating a "practical and effective dialogue" to build the human and institutional capacity required to consolidate an early transition to democracy and a market economy, Secretary-General...
Foundation Experts Outline Ways to Finance a More Effective UN
The international community must provide adequate, assured and more timely financial support for the UN, if the organization is to discharge effectively and efficiently the critical demands placed upon it in the post-cold-war world. This was the...
Framework Needed to Resolve 'Hard Core' Issues
The need for a framework agreement to deal with "hard core" issues that have so far eluded resolution was stressed at the eleventh session (22 March-2 April, Kingston) of the Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and for the...
'Fresh Perspectives' on Many Issues
The peaceful settlement of disputes and a strengthened UN role in international peace and security were among the issues discussed at the 1993 session of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role...
Global Plan on Child Labour Adopted
Adoption of a Programme of Action for the Elimination of the Exploitation of Child Labour was a highlight of the forty-ninth session of the Commission on Human Rights (1 February-12 March, G The new 39-paragraph global plan of action calls for special...
Haiti: A 'Step towards Democracy.'
Agreement to deploy a joint United Nations/Organization of American States (OAS) mission to Haiti was announced on 9 February. The new international Civilian Mission is to verify Haiti's respect for human rights, with special emphasis on the right...
Iraq: Challenge to Council Resolutions Continues; UNIKOM Militarized, Enlarged after Raids
The Security Council on 5 February responded to continuous Iraqi challenges to the UN-imposed cease-fire agreement by authorizing an enlarged and militarized UN presence in the region. In adopting resolution 806 (1993), the Council transformed the...
Middle East: 'Safe and Immediate Return' of Deportees Asked
Israel's deportation on 17 December 1992 of more than 400 Palestinians from the occupied territories has been strongly condemned by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. In adopting on 21 January without...
Mozambique: Elections Delayed, Timetables 'Unrealistic.'
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has stated that elections in Mozambique could not be held in October 1993 as originally scheduled, because many of the timetables established in the peace accord signed in Rome on 4 October 1992 had "proved to...
New Sustainable Development Commission Charts Course for 'Agenda 21.' (Includes Related Article on Rainforest Ecology)
The Commission on Sustainable Development was formally established on 12 February by the Economic and Social Council. The 53-member body is charged with monitoring progress in implementing "Agenda 21", the comprehensive action programme adopted by...
Preserving the Past, Providing a Future: Land Claims and Self-Rule
The bond between indigenous people and their homelands is spiritual, economic and ancestral. The tribe is the communal trustee of the land for living members, as well as for past and future generations, but indigenous people often follow a land-based...
Second World Conference to Convene in Vienna
An agenda for action which could dramatically increase the effectiveness of human rights into the next century is expected to be adopted at the upcoming World Conference on Human Rights, which is to convene in Vienna from 14 to 25 June. The gathering...
Seeking a New Partnership
The bushmen of Botswana, the Ainu of Japan, the Pygmies of central Africa, the Inuits of the Arctic, the Yanomami of Brazil and the Maori of New Zealand may be as different as day and night in their cultures, customs and traditions. But they--and some...
Somalia: 30,000-Strong UN Force Steps in to 'Restore Hope.' (United Nations)
Citing its concern over the "crippling famine and drought in Somalia" compounded by civil strife, the Security Council decided on 26 March to transfer the task of securing humanitarian aid deliveries from a United States-led international force to...
South Africa: Action against Apartheid Continues; 'Difficult Transition Ahead.'
All parties in South Africa should reach agreement on the principles and modalities for the difficult transition ahead, based on "inclusiveness, mutual tolerance and respect", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali stated on 22 March, at a solemn...
Support Asked for Regional Education Centres
Stronger support from UN Member States and international organizations for proposed regional space education centres in developing countries was sought by the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space...
The 38th Floor: Challenges and Opportunities in the 21st Century
United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali has outlined the main challenges and opportunities for the Organization in the twenty-first century. Following are excerpts from his 18 February statement at the inauguration of the new headquarters...
The Art of Attracting Fine Art
Seated in her colourful, art-filled office across from UN Headquarters in New York, surrounded by the works of world-famous painters and photographers, Annabelle Wiener, Deputy Secretary-General of the World Federation of United Nations Associations...
The Development Dilemma: Sustaining Resources, Improving Livelihoods
Often called the guardians or caretakers of the earth, indigenous people share a profound attachment to and stewardship of their environment, which encompasses many of the world's most valuable and vulnerable ecosystems, including the Arctic, tundra,...
Western Sahara: Preparations for the Referendum Asked
The Security Council on 2 March invited Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali make preparations for the organization of the referendum of self-determination of the people of Western Sahara and to consult with the parties--Morocco and the Frente Popular...
Yugoslav Crisis: Situation Worsens as Peace Process Continues
As the situation in the former Yugoslavia steadily worsened he first three months of 1993, the United Nations supported intensive negotiations to contain and conclude the ethnic conflicts raging throughout the area. UN officials, describing the humanitarian...

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.