UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 2, June

A Camera's-Eye View: Our 'Material World.' (Profiles of Families in 'Material World: A Global Family Portrait')
Award-winning American photojournalist Peter Menzel sees his book, "Material World: A Global Family Portrait", as a rich, visual tapestry, documenting the close of the twentieth century. In an up-close and revealing way, the photographic essay focuses...
Adding a Gender Dimension to Economic Decision-Making
Women hold a meagre 1 per cent of executive positions in the 1,000 largest corporations based outside the United States. The proportion is higher, at 8 per cent, in the 1,000 largest corporations in the United States, but only a handful of women hold...
Anti-Racism Conference Proposed during Six-Week Session
Six weeks of intense deliberations on the current state of human rights in the world took place at the fifty-first session (30 January-10 March, Geneva) of the UN Commission on Human Rights. In one notable move, the Commission asked the General Assembly...
Call for Global Strategy, Draft Declaration to Reduce Drug Demand
Faced with alarming statistics that indicate insufficient progress in the fight against drug trafficking, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, at its thirty-eighth session (14-23 March, Vienna), focussed on evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of...
Cease-Fire for Chechnya Urged
A call for an immediate cease fire in Chechnya --an autonomous North Caucasus republic within the Russian Federation--was made on 27 February at the UN Commission on Human Rights' session in Geneva. In deploring "grave violations of human rights...
Cocaine's Latest Victim: 'The Waters Run Red.' (Environmental Damage from Cocaine Production)(includes Related Articles on International Narcotics Control Board Report and Worldwide Drug Control)
From a fixed wing aircraft, Peruvian anti-narcotic officers track a winding stream through the mountain jungles. Through the rain forest canopy, they watch for a change in the water's natural tint. "When it starts running red", one of them says, "you...
Continued International Support Needed to Consolidate Peace
The need for continued international support in consolidating peace and stability in Mozambique was more acute that ever before", the Security Council was told on 27 January. Leonardo Santos Simao, Mozambique's Minister for Foreign Affairs and...
Deletion of 'Enemy State' Clauses in Charter to Be Considered
The Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, as it concluded its annual session (27 February-10 March, New York), recommended to the General Assembly the adoption of a resolution...
Development Cooperation in Peril: Building New Capacities, Preventing Crises
I would like to make the case for international cooperation for development in the poorer countries and for the countries in transition. I do not mean more of the same "foreign aid" of the past. Rather, my points will be that we need a new and more...
Draft Platform for Action: 12 Critical Areas of Concern
To provide a basis for preparatory discussions and final negotiations at the Beijing Conference, the UN Commission on the Status of Women has issued a draft Platform for Action, focusing on 12 "critical areas of concern" that have been identified...
Empowering Women: More Education, Better Health Care, Less Poverty
The young girl, a fifth grader, says goodbye to her classmates. Her mother died recently and she now has to stay home to cook and bring lunch to her father in the field where he works. At home, her grandmother, very old and blind, chides her son for...
'Encouraging Progress' Reported in Peace Process: Mission Mandate Extended by Assembly
The General Assembly on 31 M-arch renewed for a "further period of six months" the mandate of the Mission for the Verification of Human Rights and of Compliance with the Commitments of the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in Guatemala (MINUGUA)....
Ethnic Killings Force Thousands from Their Homes: Seven-Nation Mission Reports
The escalating violence in Burundi was the subject of Security Council action on 29 March, when it deplored ethnic killings that had caused thousands to flee their homes. "Those who commit crimes against humanity are individually responsible for their...
Extension of Observer Mission Endorsed by Council
Security Council members on 6 March endorsed the Secretary-General's recommendation to extend the presence of the United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) until 26 April 1995. In the interim, they urged the Tajik parties--the...
Fisheries Conference Agrees on Conservation Measures
Wide consensus had been reached on many aspects of a draft agreement to conserve and manage ocean resources, Fiji's Satya N. Nandan, Chairman of the UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, declared at the end of its...
Lebanon Force Mandate Extended for Another Six Months
In reiterating strong support for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Lebanon within internationally recognized boundaries, the Security Council on 30 January extended the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon...
Multinational Force Replaced by UN Peace-Keepers: Special Transition Ceremony Held on 31 March
"This is a great day for Haiti ... and for the United Nations", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared on 31 March in Port-au-Prince, as the Multinational Force (MNF) handed over its responsibility to the United Nations Mission in Haiti...
New Seabed Authority Fails to Agree on Council Membership
The Assembly of the International Seabed Authority concluded the second part of its first session (27 February-17 March) in Kingston Jamaica,without reaching agreement on the constitution of its 36-member Council, which is to act as its executive...
New Verification Mission Set Up
A new UN peace-keeping operation in Angola was established on 8 February by the Security Council to help restore peace and achieve national reconciliation in that country after 20years of civil war. With an initial mandate until 8 August 1995 the...
'One of the Great Moments of History.' (Signing of United Nations Charter)
Minutes before 11 p.m. on Monday, 25 June 1945, Great Britain's Lord Halifax, presiding over the ninth and penultimate plenary session of the United Nations Conference an International Organization (UNCIO), stepped to the podium on the stage of San...
ONUSAL: Mission Accomplished
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared that El Salvador had "moved decisively away from the violence and divisions of the past, towards a society based on peace, democracy and human rights". Although the mandate of the UN Observer Mission...
Peace Process at Standstill despite Accra Agreement
Despite the signing by the Liberian parties of the Accra Agreement on 21 December 1994 and the coming into force of a cease-fire one week later, the civil war that had inflicted so much suffering on the Liberian people had not come to an end, Secretary-General...
Referendum in 1996 a 'Real Possibility' despite Slow Progress
The Security Council has welcomed the progress achieved so far by the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) in the identification and registration of voters in particular the acceleration in the rate of identification...
San Francisco Hosts UN 50 Celebrations
One of America's most beautiful cities--San Francisco, California--will provide a major setting in June for launching jubilant celebrations of the United Nations fiftieth anniversary. As the site of the signing of the UN Charter on 26 June 1945,...
Security Council Authorizes Sale of Oil to Meet Humanitarian Concerns
Concerned by the serious nutritional and health situation of the Iraqi population and the risk of a further deterioration in that situation the Security Council on 14 April authorized States to permit the impart of up to $1 billion in Iraqi petroleum...
Security Council Discusses Supplement to 'Agenda for Peace.' (United Nations Security Council, United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's Position paper)(Peace-Keeping)
Endorsing the crucial importance of economic and social development as a secure basis for lasting peace, the Security Council on 22 February urged States to support UN efforts in preventive and post-conflict peace-building activities by providing...
Seeking Action for Equality, Development, Peace
Moving into the 21st century, the drive for women's rights has accelerated and taken on a powerful and global momentum. In the 20 years since the first global conference on women's issues was held in Mexico City, the campaign for equality between women...
Situation in Refugee Camps Called 'dangerous.'(Rwanda)
Reports of "continuing intimidation and security problems" in camps for Rwandese refugees, particularly in Zaire, were the subject of grave concern by the Security Council on 10 February, when it condemned actions by former Rwandese leaders and their...
Social Integration: A Major Challenge for Host Countries
Refugees and displaced persons were among the most tragic victims of social disintegration and closing borders was net going to make the problem go away, High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata told the World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen...
The 38th Floor
The peace-keeping challenge ... The cycle of conflict now taking place must be contained. Resources are limited. We must make the most of what we have. The Member States must fight off fatigue, indifference or the temptation to withdraw. They...
The New Challenge: Translating Cairo Success into Meaningful Activities
The newly-named Commission on Population and Development, at its 199 5 session (New York, 21 February-2 March), stated it should have the primary responsibility for reviewing the follow-up and implementation of the Programme of Action of the International...
Three Separate Operations Created on 31 March: Croatian Stand a Factor in Decision
Three separate but interlocked peace-keeping operations--for Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia--with mandates extending until 30 November 1995 were set up by the Security Council on 31 March to replace the...
UN Law Congress Explores New 'International Language.' (United Nations Congress on Public International Law)
International law is more than a set of rules for States, it is a "language of communication", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared on 17 March in addressing the United Nations Congress on Public International Law (13-17 March, New York)....
UNOMIG Mandate Extended: Council Calls for Progress
Calling upon the Georgian Government and the leaders of Abkhazia --a small Black Sea enclave in Georgia--to "reach substantive progress" in their negotiations the Security Council on 12 January extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission...
UNOSOM Withdrawal Completed 'Virtually without a Hitch': UN Efforts Save a Quarter Million Lives
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali reported on 2 March that the withdrawal of the UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II) had been carried out "in a safe and orderly manner, ahead of schedule, and virtually without a hitch". A Combined Task Force--"United...
Unprecedented Gathering Adopts Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action
A global blueprint for action, with specific commitments for the creation of more just and humane societies, was adopted by the World Summit for Social Development in the early hours of 13 March, as participants concluded seven days of meetings in...
Violence against Women: Ringing the Alarm to Awake the Conscience of Society
Everywhere and in all ages, women have experienced violence. Often powerless to protect themselves, they have been raped, mutilated, battered and murdered. In most societies, gender-based violence has long been tolerated, letting the perpetrators...
Wide-Ranging Global Initiatives for Developing Countries Sought
Wide-ranging global efforts to identify and expand sources of power to raise the standard of living in developing countries have been recommended by the UN Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development. The 24-member...
Work on Nuclear-Test Ban Continues: Views on Security Assurances Heard
A pledge not to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the 1970 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) - "except in the case of an invasion or any other attack" on their territories--highlighted the conclusion...