UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 4, Winter

Afghanistan: Government of National Unity Urged
The Security Council on 22 October called upon all Afghan parties "immediately to cease all armed hostilities, to renounce the use of force, to put aside their differences and to engage in a political dialogue aimed at achieving national reconciliation...
An Experience Not Unique: Naira's Story
Naira was 13 when her father quit their home in the poor coastal city of Olinda, in Brazil's Pernambuco State. He was unemployed and said he was going south to Rio de Janeiro to make some money. He never came back. never telephoned or wrote. Naira is...
Angola: Phased Withdrawal Resumes
The Security Council on 11 December extended the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 28 February 1997, and approved the Secretary-General's recommendation to resume withdrawal, also in February, of the Mission's...
Assistance to Third States Affected by UN Sanctions Considered
A set of possible guidelines on technical procedures for providing better information and early assessments for the Security Council and its organs about the actual or potential effects of sanctions on third States invoking Article 50 of the United Nations...
Burundi: Violence Continues
"Civil war continues to rage in Burundi", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali stated on 29 October. Despite the apparent lull following the coup d'etat of 25 July 1996, violence had unfortunately reasserted itself very quickly. It was more imperative...
Child Labor: Developing Country Estimates Double
Some 250 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 are working in developing countries, nearly double the previous estimates, the International Labour Organization (ILO) says in a new report. Of this total, some 120 million children are working full...
Confronting Conflict
After working with the United Nations in New York for over 20 years, it was with a feeling of excitement and anticipation that I prepared for my first assignment with a peacekeeping mission in a conflict area. In 1993, I was part of the United Nations...
Cyprus: Violent Incidents Deplored
The Security Council on 23 December extended the mandate of the United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for a further six months, until 30 June 1997, and called on the leaders of both communities to create a climate of reconciliation and...
Former Yugoslavia: 'Many Positive Developments.' (Includes Related Article on Education on Human Rights)
The peace process in Bosnia and Herzegovina is in a stage of consolidation in which the assistance of the international community for the tasks of economic reconstruction is vital. We observe with satisfaction the renewed commitment by the international...
Global Employment Situation 'Grim.' (Includes Related Article on the Establishment of a Trust Fund for Least Developed Countries)
Nearly 1 billion people around the world - approximately 30 per cent of the entire global work force - are unemployed or underemployed in industrialized and developing countries alike, says a new report by the International Labour Organization (ILO)....
Guatemala: Basis for Reconciliation
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on 29 December - in hailing the signing of the peace agreements in Guatemala City by the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (UNRG) - declared that the event constituted...
Human Rights
In our last issue, we had quoted the observation made by Secretary-General Kofi Annan that it was important "to deal with the root causes of the problem which (lead ...) to terrorism ... Terrorism could erupt from a feeling that a person is oppressed...
Integration, Reorientation and Reallocation
As this issue was going to Press, the Secretary-General announced a number of far-reaching initiatives on reform: Secretariat activities in the economic and social areas will be integrated. The functions of the Department for Policy Coordination and...
Internal Oversight Office Addresses Delays and Waste
"My overall assessment after 20 months in office is that the creation of the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) is one of the most meaningful initiatives taken by the General Assembly in the context of United Nations reform", Under-Secretary-General...
Iraq: Go-Ahead for 'Oil-for-Food' Agreement
The Security Council on 9 December gave the go-ahead for implementation of a long-delayed "oil-for-food" agreement with Iraq, enabling that country to sell a limited amount of oil on the world market for the first time since sanctions were imposed following...
Jan Papanek: 100th Anniversary: Diplomat, Delegate, Defender of Democracy
It is indeed symbolic that Dr. Jan Papanek - Czechoslovakia's first Permanent Representative to the United Nations, whose 100th birthday is on the list of UNESCO Anniversaries for 1996-1997, was born on 24 October, the day now celebrated as United Nations...
Liberia: Abuja Accord Affirmed
The Security Council on 27 November extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) for another four months, until 31 March 1997. It also called on the factions to cease hostilities and implement their commitments, especially...
Middle East: Resumption of Negotiations Urged
The Security Council on 28 September - in expressing its "deep concern about the tragic events in Jerusalem and the areas of Nablus, Ramallah, Bethlehem and the Gaza Strip, which resulted in a high number of deaths and injuries among the Palestinian...
Peace Missions: Speeding Up the Process
Operational Stability Underscores Rapidly Deployable Mission Headquarters Plan The United Nations Secretariat has received strong support for the establishment of the Rapidly Deployable Mission Headquarters (RDMHQ). When the Security Council authorizes...
Political Dialogue the Priority, Says Special Representative for Great Lakes Region
Within weeks of assuming office as Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan announced that the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity would appoint a joint Special Representative for the Great Lakes Region. Mohamed Sahnoun of Algeria was named...
Restoring the Faith
"We must understand first of all that the crisis facing the United Nations is not one that can be dealt with by tinkering with the budget or using better cash management techniques. It is rather a political crisis - a crisis of faith in the Organization",...
Rwanda: A Case Study
Children have not been spared by the events in Rwanda which caused the serious human rights violations of April 1994 and particularly the massacres; they have been involved both as perpetrators and victims. During the hostilities, both sides made extensive...
Rwanda: Over 1 Million Refugees Return in Last Half of 1996
An estimated 1.3 million refugees returned to Rwanda between July 1996 and the beginning of January 1997, according to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Out of that total, an estimated 720,000 came back from camps in Zaire...
Systemwatch: An Occasional Series on Individual Members of the United Nations Family
In spite of today's technological advances and economic growth, hundreds of millions of people are hungry and suffer from malnutrition - most of them women and children in third world countries. The lack of sufficient food will have a devastating impact...
Table Set Thinly as Food Summit Pledges to Halve World Hunger in 20 Years
Over the past half century, agricultural production has managed to keep pace with and even outstrip population growth. Yet, there are today some 840 million people worldwide who are chronically undernourished, unable to get enough food to meet their...
Tajikistan: What Lies on the Horizon?
An agreement to establish a Commission on National Reconciliation for the period of 12 to 18 months - within which the inter-Tajik talks and the implementation of the agreements reached during them must be completed - marked the 23 December 1996 Moscow...
The Chronicle Interview
Without a new, strengthened ethical conscience, says Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu in this conversation with the UN Chronicle, "we are for the birds. The Archbishop, who was in New York for the release of the United Nations study on the impact of...
The UN, the US, and Development Cooperation: Time for a Reunion
My first thesis is that we need more official development assistance (ODA), not less, whatever the current mood might be. Let me take on this subject by dispelling two myths. The first is that the developing world is doing pretty well and that things...
Too Soon for Twilight, Too Late for Dawn: The Story of Children Caught in Conflict
In the last decade more than 2 million children have been killed, more than 4 million have survived physical mutilation and more than 1 million have been orphaned or separated from their families. All as a result of war. Joy unblemished as they play...
UNreported: News on the United Nations System at Work
Of the approximately 1.1 billion workers active in agricultural production worldwide, nearly half are in wage labour. Many millions of these workers earn wages that place them on the bottom rung of the rural poverty. ladder and even below the minimum...
Western Sahara: Referendum Reaffirmed
The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) was extended by the Security Council until 31 May 1997, while efforts to implement the 1988 Settlement Plan continued. Under resolution 1084 (1996), adopted unanimously on 27...
World Leaders Launch Global Solar Campaign
The population of this already crowded planet is expected to swell by some 50 per cent over the next 35 years. Already, about 400 million homes do not have electricity, accounting for more than 40 per cent of the world's population. And according to...
Year in Review: 1996
The United Nations has begun its second half-century in a mood of determination. In 1996, it had hard choices to make - principally that of deciding how to apportion scarce assets and resources to meet growing challenges. * Preventing war and upholding...
Zaire: Security Council Stresses Humanitarian Objectives
Since September 1996, the situation in Zaire had undergone a "sharp transformation", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali stated on 29 November. Fighting between that country's army and the rebels had intensified and resulted in the rebels' takeover,...
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