UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 1, March

A Campaign against 'Blind Terrorism.' (UN Effort to Locate and Dispose of Land Mines)
Tucked away on the ninth floor of the UN Secretariat building, Patrick Blagden, the Un's official De-mining Expert and retired brigadier in the United Kingdom's Royal Engineers, placed two land-mines on a corner of his desk. His visitor, sitting only...
Agreement on Confidence-Building Measures Pursued
The Security Council on 15 December extended the stationing of the UN Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until 15 June 1994, marking the 30th year of the Force's existence. By resolution 889 (1993), the Council also noted two expert studies...
A 'Terrible War' Rages On
The devastating conflict in the former Yugoslavia - which UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali lamented had "spared no one in its violence" - remained, towards the end of 1993, the focus of peacemaking and humanitarian efforts by the UN and the...
Breakthrough Reported after Maputo Talks: ONUMOZ Mandate Renewed
The Security Council on 5 November renewed the mandate of the UN Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) for six months. It also authorized Secretary- General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to proceed with selection and deployment of 128 UN police observers, which...
Broader Horizons: Growing Responsibilities
Recognizing that peacemaking and peacekeeping are an essential UN function, with the aim of "prevention, containment and resolution of disputes", the General Assembly on 10 December urged a comprehensive streamlined approach to planning and managing...
Conflicts, Instability Continue
Armed confrontations, civil disturbances and ensuing economic chaos persisted towards the end of 1993 in some former Soviet republics - especially Armenia, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan - jeopardizing their political stability and regional security, and...
Council Widens Air, Arms Embargo; Talks on Suspects Continue
Talks on suspects continue The Security Council on 11 November, by adopting resolution 883 (1993), imposed new sanctions against Libya, widening the air and arms embargo in place since 15 April 1992. The Council cited Libya's noncompliance with...
Families around the World: Universal in Their Diversity
The family is a universal phenomenon - throughout the centuries and throughout the world. Yet families manifest themselves in widely different forms, and perceptions of the role of the family vary among societies and cultures. The diversity in family...
Families at Risk: UN Tackles the Challenge
In today's world, many families face daunting challenges that threaten their ability to function and, indeed, to survive. Disease, war, poverty, famine, environmental problems, unemployment, drugs, crime and the scourge of the acquired immune deficiency...
Fighting the Odds: UNHCR Faces Unprecedented Needs on Four Continents
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees has recently faced "unprecedented needs on four continents", President of the General Assembly Samuel R. Insanally told a special UN donor meeting on 10 November in New York. Citing voluntary repatriation efforts...
From 'Associated Powers' to 'United Nations.' ('Declaration by Associated Powers' That Became the 'Declaration by United Nations' Created by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1942 to Fortify the Allied Alliance)
Eight years after the event, Britain's Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill described a memorable meeting with United States President Franklin Roosevelt in a bedroom at the White House on New Year's Day 1942. "The President was wheeled in to me on...
'Fundamental Review' of UNOSOM II Follows Violence: Council Creates Commission of Inquiry
The 30,000-strong UN Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) was at a "critical juncture", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali reported on 12 November, following five months of violent confrontation between international peace-keepers and an armed...
General Assembly Seeks New Identity at a Time of Transition
When the 48th General Assembly suspended its work on 23 December, its President, Samuel R. Insanally of Guyana, made traditional closing remarks seated behind the stately green marble dais bearing the UN's wreath-encircled symbol. "The collective voice...
'Most Complex' Weapons Inspection Uncovers No Violations
After completing its "largest, most complex" inspection, the Special Commission on Iraqi disarmament reported on 8 November that it had found no weapons prohibited under Security Council resolution 687 (1991). Eighty-five inspectors from nine countries...
Negotiations in Lusaka Begin: Further Sanctions Postponed
The mandate of the UN Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II) was extended on 15 December for three more months, until 16 March 1994, against a backdrop of new talks between the Government of Angola and the National Union for the Total Independence...
New Body to Prepare Convention on Safety and Security of UN Staff
Expressing grave concern over "the increasing number of attacks on UN personnel that have caused death or serious injury", the General Assembly established an Ad Hoc Committee, open to all Member States, to elaborate an international convention dealing...
New UN High Commissioner Will Champion Rights Worldwide
In a landmark vote on 20 December 1993, the General Assembly created the position of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, marking what many have predicted will be a turning point in UN action in the human rights arena. Under the direction and...
Racism: Third Decade Proclaimed; Tolerance Year, Crime, Drug Abuse Acted On
Deeply concerned about discriminatory practices based on culture, nationality, language or religion, the General Assembly proclaimed the Third Decade to Combat Racism, beginning in 1993, and adopted an eight-part Programme of Action for the Decade....
Refugee Flows, Border Tension Spark Early UNAMIR Deployment
Citing new tensions on Rwanda's borders, the Security Council on 6 January approved early deployment of a second battalion to the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR). An unexpected, massive flow of Burundese refugees - up to 375,000 - into...
'Region of Peace' Called for; El Salvador Elections Near
Supporting the declaration of Central America as a "region of peace, freedom, democracy and development", the General Assembly on 20 December noted with interest proposals to establish a "new model of regional security" there. Such a model, the Assembly...
'Remarkable Collaboration': UNOMIG Extended, Enlarged
In what the Secretary-General called "encouraging progress towards lasting peace in the area", a Memorandum of Understanding between the Georgian and the Abkhaz sides was signed on 1 December in Geneva, in the presence of representatives of the UN,...
Sanctions Lifted after 31 Years: Interim Constitution Agreed On
Noting that the "transition to democracy has now been enshrined in the law of South Africa", the General Assembly on 8 October ended a 31-year ban on economic and other ties with South Africa and its nationals, in the areas of trade, investment, finance,...
Tangible Results Asked from Earth Summit Offsprings
It he year 1993 saw the birth of much of the institutional mechanism suggested by the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the Commission on Sustainable Development held its first session, and other bodies met to flesh out global agreements...
The 38th Floor
The need for resources . . . Three challenges are before us: peace, development and democracy. Without peace, there can be no development and there can be no democracy. Without development, the basis for democracy will be lacking and societies...
The Nations Speak
The three-week general debate, which traditionally keynotes the opening of the General Assembly session, in 1993 was called "remarkable . . . for its vision and sense of purpose in addressing the global agenda for the rest of this century and beyond"....
The Smallest Democracy
It is the oldest and most basic unit of human organization; the most crucial link between generations; the primary transmitter of culture; the sustainer of heritage; and the major provider of food, shelter and love. It has been described as the smallest...
Tokyo Conference Calls for Solidarity, Greater Participation
Spread across 30.2 million square kilometres of land, Africa presents an intricate mosaic of development challenges. Heavy debt load, rapid population growth, drought, famine and starvation, and in many cases political instability create a complicated...
Total Test Ban: A 'Priority Objective.' (UN General Assembly Issues December 16, 1993 Statement in Support of Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Comprehensive Test Ban) (Includes Related Article on Efforts to Achieve North Korean Compliance with Non-Proliferation)
All States should support the multilateral negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament for a comprehensive nuclear test ban - a "priority objective" of the international community in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation - the General Assembly...
UN Continues Efforts to Solve Crisis
Condemning the military authorities in Port-au-Prince for failing to comply fully with the 3 July Governors Island Agreement, the Security Council on 15 November reaffirmed its determination to ensure the "full and effective enforcement of current...
UNOMIL Fully Deployed, Elections Delayed
The UN Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) was fully deployed by the end of 1993, with more than 300 military observers cooperating with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in implementing a peace agreement between warring Liberian...
UN Proclaims 1996 as Poverty Eradication Year: Progress on 'Agenda for Development.' (Includes Related Article on Outline of Program for September 5-13, 1994international Conference on Population)
The year 1996 was proclaimed the Year for the Eradication of Poverty by the General Assembly on 21 December. That text was among 52 resolutions and 18 decisions adopted by the General Assembly on the recommendation of its Second Committee (Economic...
UN Responds to Coup D'etat, Sudden Refugee Crisis
A bloody coup d'etat on 21 October in Burundi, in which its President was slain, was condemned by the Security Council, while UN agencies tried to cope with a huge refugee crisis triggered by the coup and subsequent ethnic mass killings. In a 25...
UNTAC Withdrawal Virtually Complete; Liaison Team Dispatched
The Security Council on 4 November decided to establish a team of 20 unarmed military liaison officers for a single six-month period to report on matters affecting security in Cambodia. In unanimously adopting resolution 880 (1993), the Council...

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