UN Chronicle

A news reference publication published by the United Nations. Reports on UN actions and events as it addresses world issues.

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 3, September

8.5. Billion by 2025
8.5 billion by 2025 The trend towards slower population growth which began in the early 1970s will continue into the next century, according to revised world population estimates released in June 1989 by the UN Population Division. A drop in fertility...
A Future Denied: Children Who Work
A future denied: Children who work In 19th century Europe, pauper children were sometimes apprenticed to factory owners, who mercilessly exploited them. In recent years, children have panned gold in sweltering, malaria-ridden jungles of South America,...
Conference on Disarmament Resumes 1989 Session
Conference on Disarmament resumes 1989 session The Conference on Disarmament opened the second part of its 1989 session on 13 June in Geneva, with its President expressing hope that the remainder of the session might benefit from improved relations...
Debt: Killer of Third World Children
Debt: Killer of third world children Children are paying the third world debt with their lives: that is the alarming news carried in the hard-hitting 1989 "State of the World's Children", issued, symbolically, for the first time in a third world capital--New...
Defusing the Crisis
Defusing the crisis After signing the Mt. Etjo Declaration on 9 April, specifying ways to set the Namibia independence process back on track, Angola, Cuba and South Africa held follow-up meetings at Cape Town, South Africa, on 28 April, and at Ruacana,...
Development Planning Committee Contributes to 1990s Strategy
Development Planning Committee contributes to 1990s strategy The Committee for Development Planning made recommendations for an international development strategy for the 1990s at its four-day meeting (9-12 May) in New York. The Committee--a group...
Drugs: Not for Adults Only
Drugs: Not for adults only Drug abuse is not a problem for adults only. The lives of tens of thousands of children throughout the world are being wasted by this modern plague, UNICEF reports. Some children are addicted before they are even born....
Easier Detection of Plastic Explosives Urged by Security Council
Easier detection of plastic explosives urged by Security Council The Security Council has unanimously urged all States, in particular the producers of plastic or sheet explosives, to intensify research into means of making such explosives more easily...
Economic and Social Council Acts from Death Penalty to Indigenous Populations
Economic and Social Council acts from death penalty to indigenous populations Many of the 142 texts approved had been sent to the Council on the recommendation of its subsidiary bodies, including the Commission on Human Rights, the Commission on Narcotic...
Fighting Crime in the Twenty-First Century: Five Regional Meetings Prepare for 1990 Congress
Fighting crime in the twenty-first century Five regional meetings prepare for 1990 Congress International co-operation in crime prevention and criminal justice in the twenty-first century was the focus of five regional meetings held between...
Global Strategy to Secure Well-Being of Children Asked
Global strategy to secure well-being of children asked Promoting a better and healthier life for children, after ensuring their survival, will increasingly occupy the agenda of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in the 1990s. The pursuit...
Guatemala City Conference: Nearly 2 Million Central Americans to Get Refugee Aid
Guatemala City Conference A three-year programme to aid nearly 2 million Central American refugees, displaced persons and returnees was unanimously adopted by the 56 Governments attending the International Conference on Central American Refugees (Guatemala...
Hunger Threat Looming over Poor Countries: But Crisis Is Not Inevitable
Hunger threat looming over poor countries But crisis is not inevitable With food production declining and prices rising worldwide, hunger has again become a major threat to poor countries, the World Food Council (WFC) and the Food and Agriculture...
Identifying the World's Poor; ILO Research to Focus on Special Indicators
Identifying the world's poor How many among the world's 5,000 million inhabitants are really poor? Nobody knows. Nor has there been an internationally recognized yardstick to measure real poverty. What should be the criteria to assess poverty?...
Iran-Iraq Peace Talks Continue in Geneva
Iran-Iraq peace talks continue in Geneva Another round of direct talks between Iran and Iraq aimed at achieving a final peace settlement through full implementation of Security Council resolution 598 (1987) was held in Geneva in April. Between...
'Limited Progress' Noted in Disarmament Commission
'Limited progress' noted in Disarmament Commission The 159-member Disarmament Commission achieved only "limited progress" in its 1989 session (New York, 8-31 May), according to its Chairman, Bagbeni Adeito Nzengeya of Zaire. Unlike last year, when...
Maternal Death: A Preventable Tragedy
Maternal death: a preventable tragedy At 11, Rashida is a married woman. Like many other girls from the Indian sub-continent, she will probably have her first child before she turns 15. Her grandmother, at 42, is pregnant with her ninth child. For...
Negotiations on Climate Change Treaty to Start in 1990
Negotiations on climate change treaty to start in 1990 Negotiations for an international treaty on climate change is to begin in 1990 and a treaty may be ready for signature in 1992. Work will also begin without delay on a treaty to conserve biological...
New Commission for Western Sahara to Advance Peace Process
New commission for Western Sahara to advance peace process Agreement has been reached on the establishment of a technical commission to advance the peace process in Western Sahara. It was announced on 30 June that Secretary-General Javier Perez...
On the Street of Broken Dreams
On the street of broken dreams Pedro never wanted to be a shoeshine boy. He dreamt of becoming a doctor, but his family did not have enough money to feed him, let alone educate him. He left school at the age of eight to work on the street and soon...
Plans for UN Observers in Central America 'In Suspense.' (Includes Related Article on Nicaraguan Elections)
Plans for UN observers in Central America 'in suspense' Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar has reported to the Security Council that plans to send a United Nations observer force to Central America are "in suspense". In a report on the situation...
Practical Steps to Implement Shelter Strategy Taken by Human Settlements Commission
Practical steps to implement Shelter Strategy taken by Human Settlements Commission The first practical steps to implement the Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000, the United Nations blueprint to help solve the alarming world-wide housing...
Progress in UN Reforms Reported; Follow-Up to 'Group of 18.' (Includes Related Articles)
Progress in UN reforms reported Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar on 26 April reported that despite unfavourable circumstances resulting from the Organization's financial crisis, progress had been made in the United Nations reform process...
Rights of Indigenous Peoples Protected by New Convention
Rights of indigenous peoples protected by new Convention The rights and integrity of some 300 million indigenous and tribal peoples around the world will be protected by a new Convention adopted in June by the International Labour Conference at its...
Role of Foreign Investment a Theme for TNC Commission
Role of foreign investment a theme for TNC Commission Other major concerns related to strengthening the capacity of developing countries to deal with major world businesses, activities of transnational banks in relation to foreign debt of developing...
Secretary-General Outlines Ideas to Bridge Positions on Cyprus; Peace Process Continues
Secretary-General outlines ideas to bridge positions on Cyprus After two days of high-level talks in New York with President George Vassiliou of Cyprus and Rauf Denktash, leader of the Turkish Cypriot community, Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar...
Security Council Considers Afghan Complaint against Pakistan
Security Council considers Afghan complaint against Pakistan During seven meetings in April, the Security Council considered a complaint by Afghanistan regarding what was termed "the recent unprecedented intensification of Pakistan's military aggression...
Security Council Fails to Adopt Text on Palestinian Rights
Security Council fails to adopt text on Palestinian rights A draft resolution strongly deploring Israeili policies and practices "which violate the human rights of the Palestinian people in the occupied territory" was votoed on 8 June at the Security...
Security Council Members Call for Cease-Fire in Lebanon; UN Troops to Stay in Golan Heights
Security Council members call for cease-fire in Lebanon Security Council members on 24 April again urged all parties to the conflict in Lebanon "to respond favourably" to cease-fire appeals. They also reiterated full support for action by a ministerial...
Signs of Progress towards Settlement of Campuchean Conflict Seen; International Conference Adopts Plan to Solve Indochinese Refugee Problem
Signs of progress towards settlement of Kampuchean conflict seen Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar on 13 June said that there were "encouraging signs of progress" towards a settlement of the Kampuchean conflict. In a statement opening the...
So They May Have a Happy Childhood
So they may have a happy childhood So that children "may have a happy childhood" and enjoy for their own good and for the good of society certain rights and freedoms, the peoples of the United Nations, gathered at their General Assembly, proclaimed...
The 38th Floor: Excerpts from Statements by UN Secretary-General Javier Perez De Cuellar Made between 1 April and 30 June 1989
THE 38th FLOOR 'Our common future' My fellow citizens of the earth, As we approach World Environment Day 1989 we can take some comfort. The peoples of the world have at last begun to face up to the threat of environmental degradation which...
Thousands of Namibians Return Home; UNTAG Troops Now in Place, South African Military Withdraws
Thousands of Namibians return home Namibia's transition to independence was firmly back on track at the end of June with thousands of exiles returning, South African troops confined to base and withdrawing on schedule, repeal of discriminatory and...
Total Ban Asked on Ozone-Killing Chemicals; International Action on Environment Accelerates
Total ban asked on ozone-killing chemicals International action on the environment picked up considerable speed between April and June. Some 81 nations and the European Community agreed in Helsinki, Finland, to a total banning of certain ozone-killing...
Trusteeship Council Told 'Overwhelming Majority' in Palau Wants 'Free Association' Status
Trusteeship Council told 'overwhelming majority' in Palau wants 'free association' status The Trusteeship Council on 1 June noted a report of its most recent Visiting Mission to Palau that the "overwhelming majority" of its citizens preferred free...
UN Committee Discusses International Space Year
UN Committee discusses International Space Year The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space at its 1989 session (5-16 June, New York) recommended that the General Assembly endorse the initiative of international scientific organizations and...
'We Have Become Good Listeners.' (Letter from UNTAG Members Jim and Diane Lubin Stationed in Okakarara, Namibia)
'We have become good listeners' 4 June--This is truly a spectacular country and we've so far seen only a fraction of it. Wildlife is everywhere and driving the 37 kilometres from the house to the office we see baboons, kudu, oryx, hyenas, mircats, lynx...
WHO Launches Effort to Eradicate Polio by Year 2000
WHO launches effort to eradicate polio by year 2000 A detailed plan to eradicate poliomyelitis by the year 2000 was approved by the forty-second World Health Assembly (8-19 May, Geneva). The annual meeting was attended by some 1,200 delegates, representing...